Steroid-Induced Proteins of the Primate Oviduct and Uterus: Potential Regulators of Reproductive Function

  • Asgerally T. Fazleabas
  • Harold G. Verhage
  • Stephen C. Bell
Part of the Reproductive Biology book series (RBIO)


The biological requirements of the mammalian conceptus during the initial stages of development must be met by oviductal and uterine secretions since they constitute the primary environmental contact between the developing embryo and its mother prior to implantation. Both the mammalian oviduct and uterine endometrium are target tissues for the ovarian steroids and each responds by undergoing cyclic changes in morphology and secretory activity. These cyclic changes prepare the oviduct and uterus to receive and nourish the gametes during fertilization, early embryonic development and during the implantation process. Secretory products from these two tissue compartments are necessary to maintain gamete viability, however, their specific role in primate reproduction has yet to be determined. Studies to determine critical reproductive events during these very early stages of embryonic development and pregnancy obviously are very difficult, if not impossible, to perform in humans. Therefore, we have attempted to utilize the baboon (Papio anubis) as a non-human primate model to identify hormonally regulated secretory proteins of the oviduct and uterus and to determine similarities and dissimilarities in the secretory profile of these two tissue compartments in the baboon and human. This chapter summarizes our findings which suggests potential paracrine roles for specific, hormonally regulated proteins of the baboon and human oviduct and uterus.


Menstrual Cycle Glandular Epithelium Human Endometrium Uterine Endometrium Human Amniotic Fluid 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Asgerally T. Fazleabas
    • 1
  • Harold G. Verhage
    • 1
  • Stephen C. Bell
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyUniversity of Illinois College of MedicineChicagoUSA
  2. 2.Departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology and BiochemistryUniversity of LeicesterLeicesterUK

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