Dual-Route, Act*, and PDP Models of the Acquisition of Word Decoding Skills

  • Fotena A. Zirps
  • Richard K. Wagner


A necessary, but perhaps not sufficient condition of literacy is the ability to decode individual words. Our understanding of this remarkable achievement has profited greatly by the fact that the study of word-level reading processes has been, and continues to be, a major interest to those who study human cognition.


Lexical Decision Letter String Regular Word Word Decode Regularity Effect 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fotena A. Zirps
    • 1
  • Richard K. Wagner
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyFlorida State UniversityTallahasseeUSA

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