A Framework for Developing Theories About Instructional Effectiveness

  • Philip H. Winne


The beginning of Herbert Simon’s Karl Taylor Compton Lecture on “The Psychology of Thinking” (see Simon, 1981) provides a highly generative metaphor. Simon described an ant making its way across a wind and wave molded beach. A drawing of the ant’s path is jagged, irregular, hard to describe (see Figure 1); each turn in the path and the length of each of the path’s segments is seemingly unpredictable. From a more distant view, however, the path has an overall direction. It appears to have a structure, to be governed, to seek a goal. Perhaps the ant is returning to its nest.


Process Variable Test Item Word Problem Cognitive Event Ideal Experiment 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Philip H. Winne
    • 1
  1. 1.Instructional Psychology Research Group, Faculty of EducationSimon Fraser UniversityBurnabyCanada

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