Neural Substrate of Cognition and Literacy: Biology as Wish Fulfillment?

  • Merrill Hiscock


Aristotle recognized that the human brain is disproportionately large when compared with the brains of other animals but he concluded that the heart is the source of mental activity and that the large brain serves merely as a radiator which cools the blood (Kolb & Whishaw, 1985). Opinions have changed during the 2,300 years that have elapsed since Aristotle’s death. We no longer regard the brain as a cooling device and, our poetry and popular music notwithstanding, we no longer regard the heart as an organ of thought. Since the early nineteenth century, Western philosophy and Western science have firmly accepted the brain as the organ of the mind (Boring, 1950). Nonetheless, nearly all of our scientific knowledge about brain functioning has been acquired during the past 150 years, a brief period in the history of civilization.


Developmental Dyslexia Angular Gyrus Brain Functioning Hemispheric Specialization Brain Science 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Merrill Hiscock
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of HoustonHoustonUSA

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