The Future of Nuclear Weapons: Proliferation in South Asia

  • Nazir Kamal
Part of the Issues in International Security book series (IIS)


The signing of the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty in December 1987, followed by the dramatic changes in East-West relations since 1989 and the more recent Soviet-American strategic arms limitation agreement, have greatly eased public concerns about the danger of nuclear war. The context has also changed for the Nonaligned Movement, which had made nuclear disarmament and condemnation of the concept of nuclear deterrence the primary themes of its multilateral disarmament diplomacy. The issue of nuclear disarmament can now be approached without the Cold War tensions that had, from the outset, bedeviled this subject in East-West and North-South relations.


International Atomic Energy Agency Nuclear Weapon South ASIA Territorial Dispute North Atlantic Treaty Organization 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes and References

  1. 1.
    David Albright and Tom Zamora, “India and Pakistan’s Nuclear Weapons,” Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists (June 1989), p. 25.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Newsbrief (Programme for Promoting Nuclear Non-Proliferation, PPNN, University of Southampton, England), July 1989, p. 9.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Keesings Contemporary Archives, June 24–30, 1974, p. 26585.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Albright and Zamora, “India and Pakistan’s Nuclear Weapons,” p. 21.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ibid., p. 20.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Abdul Jabbar and Yousuf Khan, “Pakistan Makes Breakthrough,” The Nation, May 16, 1989.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Pakistan Times (English news daily from Islamabad), September 10, 1990, p. 6.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Time, March 30, 1987. Zia said: “Pakistan can build a bomb whenever it wishes.” In February 1987 a senior Indian journalist, Kuldip Nayyar, now India’s High Commissioner in London, claimed that in an exclusive interview Dr. A. Q. Khan had disclosed that Pakistan had made a nuclear bomb. Nayyar’s claim was promptly denied by Khan. See Observer (London), March 1, 1987; The Muslim (English news daily from Islamabad), March 1, 1987; and Warren Donnelly, “Pakistan and Nuclear Weapons,” Congressional Research Service, Washington, D.C., August 5, 1987, p. 13, quoting New York Times, March 3, 1987.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Jabbar and Kan, “Pakistan Makes Breakthrough.”Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Washington Post, February 7, 1992, p. A18.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Newsbrief, PPNN, Summer 1990; see also Pakistan Times, June 11, 1990.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Pakistan Times, October 5, 1989; see also Frontier Post, August 1, 1989; “Nuclear Notebook,” Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists (January/February 1990), p. 48.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Saudi Gazette (English news daily from Jeddah), February 6, 1989.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    For a text of the proposal, see Newsbrief, PPNN, Spring 1990, p. 12; see also John Simpson and Darryl Howlett, “The Need for a Strong Non-Proliferation Treaty: Issues at the Fourth Review Conference,” Occasional Paper no. 8, University of Southampton, July 1990, pp. 18–20.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Statement by Dr. Kalam, head of India’s missile program, Pakistan Times, August 29, 1990.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Warren Donnelly, “Pakistan and Nuclear Weapons”; see also Richard Cronin, “The U.S., Pakistan and the Soviet Threat in Southern Asia,” Congressional Research Service, Washington, D.C., September 1985, p. 36.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    “Nuclear Notebook,” Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists (March 1990), p. 48.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nazir Kamal
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Strategic StudiesIslamabadPakistan

Personalised recommendations