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A Third Role for Calcium in Excitation-Contraction Coupling

  • Eduardo Ríos
  • Robert Fitts
  • Ismael Uribe
  • Gonzalo Pizarro
  • Gustavo Brum
Part of the Series of the Centro de Estudios Científicos de Santiago book series (SCEC)

Abstract

Two important roles for calcium ions in excitation-contraction coupling are traditionally described. First is the second-messenger role—Ca2+ undergoes a transient increase in the myoplasm and triggers the mechanochemical reaction of contraction. (1) This transient increase in myoplasmic free calcium concentration is usually called the Ca transient; it is the result of a flux of calcium release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR). In this chapter we discuss the mechanisms by which the SR is made to open its release channels during normal muscle function. In regard to this question a second role of Ca2+ has been identified: Ca2+ is an effective agonist for opening the Ca channels of the SR. The increase in [Ca2+] i in the vicinity of the SR release channels constitutes the normal mechanism of triggering release in the heart (Ca-induced Ca release)(2,3)

Keywords

Sarcoplasmic Reticulum Relative Permeability Voltage Sensor Charge Movement Conditioning Pulse 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eduardo Ríos
    • 1
  • Robert Fitts
    • 1
  • Ismael Uribe
    • 1
  • Gonzalo Pizarro
    • 1
  • Gustavo Brum
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PhysiologyRush UniversityChicagoUSA
  2. 2.Departamento de Biofísica, Facultad de MedicinaUniversidad de la RepúblicaMontevideoUruguay

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