Occupationally Acquired Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 Infection in Health Care Workers: A Review

  • Robyn R. M. Gershon
  • David Vlahov


The Public Health Service has estimated that the current number of individuals infected with human immunodeficiency virus, type 1 (HIV-1) in the United States is 945,000 to 1,410,000 people (1). Within one to five years 20–30% of those infected will develop acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS); recently it has been postulated that perhaps as many as 99% of infected individuals will eventually develop AIDS (2). Over time, it is inevitable that increasing numbers of HIV-1 positive individuals will enter the health care system, and this in turn will result in an increase in the potential for exposure to HIV-1 among health care workers.


Human Immunodeficiency Virus Health Care Worker Exposed Worker Needlestick Injury Infection Control Program 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robyn R. M. Gershon
    • 1
  • David Vlahov
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Environmental Health SciencesJohns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public HealthBaltimoreUSA

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