New Contraceptive Methods and Reproductive Health

  • Mahmoud F. Fathalla
Part of the Reproductive Biology book series (RBIO)


Health is defined in the World Health Organization (WHO) Constitution as a “state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.” In the context of this positive definition, reproductive health should not mean the absence of diseases or disorders of the reproductive process. It should mean that the reproductive process is accomplished in a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being. Reproductive health in this definition would have a number of basic elements, involving ability, success, and safety in reproduction (Fathalla, 1988). Reproductive health would mean that people have the ability to reproduce, the ability to regulate their fertility, and the ability to practice and enjoy sexual relationships. It would mean that reproduction is carried to a successful outcome through infant and child survival, growth, and healthy development. It would mean that women can go safely through pregnancy and childbirth, that fertility regulation can be achieved without health hazards, and that people are safe in having sex.


Family Planning Reproductive Health Maternal Mortality Contraceptive Method Pelvic Inflammatory Disease 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mahmoud F. Fathalla

There are no affiliations available

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