Advertisement

Programmatic Factors in Contraceptive Use-Effectiveness: Lessons Learned from Operations Research

  • John W. Townsend
Part of the Reproductive Biology book series (RBIO)

Abstract

Family planning programs are organized efforts to provide individuals and couples with information, supplies, and services to control their fertility. Given the high theoretical effectiveness of most modern methods, the introduction of a new contraceptive technology provides only marginal gains in effectiveness. Major impacts, however, are possible in extending appropriate use, through greater continuation and wider acceptance (Berelson, 1976). The principal operational goals for a new contraceptive technology, then, are greater acceptance and use-effectiveness, taking into account all the deficiencies in the ways that a method is delivered and actually used.

Keywords

Family Planning Oral Contraceptive Contraceptive Method American Public Health Association Family Planning Service 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Ainsworth, M. 1985 Family Planning Programs: The Clients’ Perspective. Washington, D.C.: World Bank.Google Scholar
  2. Altman, L., and P. Piotrow 1980 Social marketing: Does it work? Population Reports Series J, no. 21.Google Scholar
  3. Bailey, J., and M.C. De Zambrano 1974 Contraceptive phamplets in Colombian drugstores. Studies in Family Planning 5(6):178–182.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Berelson, B. 1976 The impact of new technology on population. Pp. 115–121 in B. Berelson, J. Ross, and F. Mauldin, eds. New York: Springer-Verlag.Google Scholar
  5. Bertrand, J.T., R.A. Pineda, R. Santiso, and S. Hearn 1980 Characteristics of successful distributors in the community-based distribution of contraceptives in Guatemala. Studies in Family Planning 11(9–10):274–285.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bertrand, J.T., N. Mangani, M. Mansilu, and E. Landry 1985 Factors influencing the use of traditional versus modern family planning methods in Bas Zaire. Studies in Family Planning 16(6):332–341.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bertrand, J.T., R. Santiso, S.H. Linder, and M.A. Pineda 1987 Evaluation of a communications program to increase adoption of vasectomy in Guatemala. Studies in Family Planning 18(6):361–370.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Bruce, J. 1987 User’s perspectives on contraceptive technology and delivery systems: Highlighting some feminist issues. Pp. 359–383 in G. Zeidenstein, ed.. Technology in Society, Vol. 9, nos. 3, 4.Google Scholar
  9. Fairview Park, N.Y.: Pergamon Journals. 1988 Fundamental elements of quality of care: A simple framework. New York: The Population Council. August. Mimeo.Google Scholar
  10. Centers for Disease Control 1986 Training Materials for Family Planning Logistics. Altanta, Ga.: Centers for Disease Control. Google Scholar
  11. Correu, S., G. Ojeda, J.S. Nunez, C. Salmon, and C. Belcher 1988 Evaluation of the Family Planning Program. Ministry of Health, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.Google Scholar
  12. De la Macorra, L., R. Roca, and J.W. Townsend 1987 Marketing of Condoms in Supermarkets: Cash Registers Versus Regular Shelves as Point of Sales. Final report to the Population Council. Queretaro, Mexico: PROFAM. Google Scholar
  13. Finkle, J.L., and G.D. Ness 1985 Managing Delivery Systems. Final report to the AID Office of Population. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan.Google Scholar
  14. Fisher, A., and V. De Silva 1986 Satisfied IUD acceptors as family planning motivators in Sri Lanka. Studies in Family Planning 17(5):235–242.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Foreit, K., M. De Castro, and E. Franco 1989 Growth versus maintenance in voluntary sterilization programs: The impact of mass media advertising. Studies in Family Planning 20(2):107–116.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Gallen M., and C. Lettenmaier 1987 Counseling makes a difference. Population Reports Series J, no. 35.Google Scholar
  17. GaUen, M.E., and W. Rinehart 1986 Operations research: Lessons for policy and programs. Population Reports Series J, no. 31.Google Scholar
  18. Green, E.C. 1988 A consumer intercept study of oral contraceptive users in the Dominican Republic. Studies in Family Planning 19(2):109–117.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Haffey, J., M.C. Zimmerman, and G.W. Per kin 1984 Communicating contraception. Populi 11(2):35.Google Scholar
  20. Hutchings J., and L. Saunders 1985 Assessing the Characteristics and Cost-Effectiveness of Contraceptive Methods. PIACT Paper Ten. Seattle, Wash.: PIACT. Google Scholar
  21. International Women’s Health Coalition and the Population Council 1986 The Contraceptive Development Process and Quality of Care in Reproductive Health Services. Report of a meeting held in New York. The Population Council, New York.Google Scholar
  22. Jain, A. 1988 Assessing the fertility impact of quality of family planning services. International Programs Working Paper No. 22. New York: The Population Council.Google Scholar
  23. Keller, A.B. 1973 Patient attrition in five Mexico City family planning clinics. In J.M. Stycos, ed., Clinicsj Contraception and Communication. New York: Meredith Corp.Google Scholar
  24. Lapham, R.J., and W.P. Mauldin 1985 Contraceptive prevalence: The influence of organized family planning programs. Studies in Family Planning 16(3):117–137.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Lapido, O.A., E.M. Weiss, G.E. Delano, J. Revson, M.O. Onadeko, and O. Ayeni 1985 Community-based distribution of low-cost family planning and maternal and child health services in rural Nigeria. Pp. 371–381 in Wawer, M., S. Huffman, D. Cebula, and R. Osborn, eds.. Health and Family Planning in Community-Based Distribution Programs. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press.Google Scholar
  26. Lewis, M.A. 1985 Pricing and Cost Recovery Experience in Family Planning Programs. World Bank working paper no. 684. Washington, D.C.: World Bank.Google Scholar
  27. Management Sciences for Health 1982 Managing Drug Supply. J. Quick, P. Hume, and R. O’Conner, eds. Boston: Management Sciences for Health.Google Scholar
  28. McGuire, E.S. 1984 Family Planning Operations Research: A Decade of Experience. Paper presented at the National Center for International Health Eleventh Annual International Health Conference, Arlington, Va.Google Scholar
  29. Pariani, S., D.M. Heer, and M.D. Van Arsdol 1987 Continued Contraceptive Use in Five Family Planning Clinics in Surabaya, Indonesia. Paper presented at the American Public Health Association Annual Meeting, New Orleans, La.Google Scholar
  30. Phillips, J.F. 1988 Two projects in Bangladesh. Asia Pacific Population Journal 2 (4):3–28.Google Scholar
  31. Phillips, J.F., R. Simmons, M.A. Koenig, and J. Chakraborty 1987 Determinants of Reproductive Changes in a Traditional Society: Evidence from Matlab, Bangladesh. Center for Policy Studies Working Paper no. 135. New York: The Population Council.Google Scholar
  32. Population Council 1987 Guidelines for Programmatic Introduction of NORPLANT® Contraceptive Subdermal Impacts (draft). New York: The Population Council.Google Scholar
  33. Potter, L., D. Berrio, S. Wright, P. Suarez, R. Pinedo, and Z. Castaneda 1987 Oral Contraceptive Compliance in Rural Colombia: Daily Use, Personal and Provider Characteristics. Paper presented at the American Public Health Association Annual Meeting, New Orleans, La.Google Scholar
  34. Ramos, M., J.R. Foreit, E. Mostajo, J. Garcia-Ninez, R. Monge, L.M. Aller, and R. Iparraguire 1986 An Experiment to Improve an IUD Insertion and Medical Back-up Component of a CBD Program in Lima, Peru. Paper presented at the American Public Health Association Annual Meeting, Las Vegas, Nev.Google Scholar
  35. Repetto, R. 1977 Correlates of field-worker performance in the Indonesian family planning program: A test of the homophily-heterphily hypothesis.Studies in Family Planning 8(1):19–21.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Roper, L.E. 1987 The management of family planning programs: Profamilia’s experience. Studies in Family Planning 18(6):338–351.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Salvador, L., T. de Vargas, J. Foreit, L. Orozco, and S. Heredia 1987 Delivering Family Planning and Health Services to Indigenous Communities in Ecuador. Paper presented at the American Public Health Association Annual Meeting, New Orleans, La.Google Scholar
  38. Satia, J.K., and R.M. Maru 1986 Incentives and disincentives in the Indian family welfare program. Studies in Family Planning 17(3):136–145.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Simmons, G., and R.J. Lapham 1986 Family Planning Program Effectiveness. Report prepared for the Committee on Population, National Research Council, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  40. Soni, V. 1983 Thirty years of the Indian family planning program: Past performance, future prospects. International Family Planning Perspectives 9(2):35–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Stevens, J., and C. Stevens 1988 Description of Tamil Nadu incentive program for temporary methods. Memo to the Agency for International Development, Bureau for Science and Technology, Office of Population.Google Scholar
  42. Thapa, S. 1988 Summary of preliminary results of a project on improving the use- effectiveness of NFP: Indonesia. Presentation at the 1988 National Center for International Health Conference, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  43. Townsend, J.W., and G. Ojeda 1985 Community distribution of contraceptives in rural areas: Final narrative report. The Population Council, New York. 191 pages. July. Mimeo.Google Scholar
  44. Treiman K., and L. Liskin 1988 IUDs—A new look. Population Reports Series B, no. 5.Google Scholar
  45. Vernon, R., and G. Ojeda 1988 Private Sector Community Based Distribution and Commercial Social Marketing Strategies in Colombia, Final report to the Population Council. Bogota, Colombia: PROFAMILIA. Google Scholar
  46. Westinghouse Health Systems 1977 Contraceptive Retail Sales Program: Jamaica.Columbia, Md: Westinghouse. Google Scholar
  47. World Health Organization 1980 User preferences for contraceptive methods in India, Korea, the Philippines, and Turkey. Studies in Family Planning 2(9–10):267–273.Google Scholar
  48. The use of female school teachers and imams as motivators in family planning services in rural Turkey. Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction. In Research in Human Reproduction, WHO, Biennial Report, 1986- 1987. Geneva: World Health Organization.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • John W. Townsend

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations