Effects of Demographic Factors on the Use and Effectiveness of New Contraceptive Technologies

  • William R. Grady
  • John O. G. Billy
Part of the Reproductive Biology book series (RBIO)


Understanding the ways in which demographic factors will affect the use and effectiveness of new contraceptive technologies is a challenging task. A logical course of action is to first classify new methods according to the characteristics they share with existing methods and then use the theory and research as to how individual factors affect current methods to inform the discussion of the new technologies. This is the general strategy adopted in this paper. There are, however, two problematic aspects of this strategy that make this task especially difficult. First, a firmly established and well-specified conceptual framework that relates demographic characteristics to the use and effectiveness of contraceptive devices does not exist. Instead, partial and rather ad hoc explanations for why a particular characteristic affects an individual’s or couple’s use of a method are typically found. Second, most of the existing research on contraceptive use and effectiveness has serious shortcomings that limit its usefulness for understanding the effects of demographic factors. Most notable among these shortcomings are measurement and study design problems that negate these studies’ ability to adequately address the issue.


Family Planning Contraceptive Method Unintended Pregnancy Oral Contraceptive Pill Female Condom 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • William R. Grady
  • John O. G. Billy

There are no affiliations available

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