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Collective Phenomena in Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collisions: The Experimental Situation

  • Karl-Heinz Kampert
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSB, volume 205)

Abstract

The key mechanisms for producing hot dense matter in high-energy heavy-ion collisions were first formulated more than a decade ago in a series of papers by Chapline, Johnson, Teller, and Weiss [Cha73], Scheid, Müller, and Greiner [Sch74], and later also by Sobel, Siemens, Bondorf, and Bethe [Sob75]. At that time only very little had been known about the properties of hadronic matter at finite temperatures and densities other than the nuclear ground state density ρ 0 = 0.16 fm-3. Scheid et al. argued that high density nuclear shock waves should occur in violent head-on collisions of heavy nuclei leading to a preferential collective sidewards emission of the compressed hot matter. Particularly these suggestions set the stage for an investigation of the nuclear equation of state (EOS) by performing heavy-ion collisions at sufficiently high kinetic energies.

Keywords

Transverse Momentum Nuclear Matter Central Collision Flow Angle Reaction Plane 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Karl-Heinz Kampert
    • 1
  1. 1.University of MünsterMünsterWest Germany

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