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Molecular Properties of Cyclic Nucleotide Phosphodiesterase Isozymes

  • Samuel J. Strada
  • Philip A. Kithas
  • Michael E. Whalin
  • W. Joseph Thompson
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 255)

Abstract

Mammalian cells contain multiple molecular forms of cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase that differ in substrate specificity and kinetic and regulatory properties. Calcium/calmodulin and cyclic GMP are important regulators of the hydrolysis of cyclic AMP by either stimulating or inhibiting the activity of distinct forms of phosphodiesterase. Several isozymes of cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase have been purified to apparent homogeneity. Although some sequence homology is observed the isozymes appear genetically distinct by immunological criteria. Cyclic AMP- and calmodulin-dependent protein kinases can phosphorylate these enzymes and alter their kinetic and regulatory properties. Both tissue specificity and pharmacological selectivity of isozymes have been demonstrated for several drugs. In certain cases, e.g. cardiac muscle, the selective inhibition of a high affinity cAMP phosphodiesterase activity in a specific subcellular fraction correlates with pharmacologic responses. The results from molecular and pharmacologic studies of cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases have indeed expanded the role this system of isoenzymes exerts in the regulation of cellular function.

Keywords

Cyclic Nucleotide Phosphodiesterase Activity Cyclic Nucleotide Phosphodiesterase Multiple Molecular Form cAMP Hydrolysis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Samuel J. Strada
    • 1
  • Philip A. Kithas
    • 1
  • Michael E. Whalin
    • 1
  • W. Joseph Thompson
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PharmacologyUniversity of South Alabama College of MedicineMobileUSA

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