Allelopathic Potential of Plant-Derived Macrocyclic Trichothecenes on Selected Crop Species

  • Joseph O. Kuti
  • Nahid Mokhtari
  • Bruce B. Jarvis
  • George A. Bean


Occurrence of macrocyclic trichothecene antibiotics have been reported in the Brazilian higher plant species of Baccharis megapotomica Sprengel (Kupchan et al., 1977) and B. coridifolia A.P. DC (Busam and Habermehl, 1982). Baccharinoids, active antineoplastic agents, were found in B. megapotomica (Kupchan et al., 1977) while roridins A and E and several related derivatives were isolated from B. coridifolia (Habermehl et al., 1985).


Soil Medium Allelopathic Effect Hypocotyl Length Allelopathic Potential Trichothecene Mycotoxin 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bewley, J.D. and Black, M. (1983). Physiology and Biochemistry of Seeds in Relation to Germination vol. 1, pp 132–173. Springer Verlag, Berlin.Google Scholar
  2. Busam, L. and Habermehl, G.G. (1982). Accumulation of mycotoxins by Baccharis coridifolia: a reason for livestock poisoning. Naturwissenschaften, 69, 392–393.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Crocker, W. (1906). Role of seedcoats in delayed germination. Botanical Gazette, 42, 265–291.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cutler, H.G. and Jarvis, B.B. (1985). Preliminary observations on the effects of macrocyclic trichothecenes on plant growth. Environ. Exp. Bot., 25, 115–128.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Evenari, M. (1949). Germination inhibitors. Bot. Rev., 15, 153–194.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Fujisawa, H. (1966). Role of nucleic acid and protein metabolism in the initiation of growth at germination. Plant Cell Physiol., 7, 185–198.Google Scholar
  7. Habermehl, G.G., Busam, L., Heydel, P., Mebs, D., Tokarinia, C.H., Dobereiner, J., and Spraul, M. (1985). Macrocyclic trichothecenes: cause of livestock poisoning in Brazilian plant Baccharis coridifolia. Toxicon., 23, 731–745.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Jarvis, B., Franklin, B., and Cherry, J. (1968). Increased DNA template and RNA polymerase associated with breaking of seed dormancy. Plant Physiol., 43, 1734–1736.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Jarvis, B.B., Midiwo, J.O., Tuthill, D., and Bean, G.A. (1981). Interaction between antibiotic trichothecenes and higher plant Baccharis megapotomica. Science, 214, 460–462.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Jarvis, B.B., Pena, N.B., Rao, M.M., Comezoglu, N.S., Comezoglu, T.F., and Mandava, N.B. (1985). Allelopathic agents from Parthenium hysteraphorus and Baccharis megapotomica. In The Chemistry of Allelopathy, pp. 149–159 (A.C. Thompson, ed.). ACS Symposium Series, No. 268. American Chemical Society.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Jarvis, B.B. (1986). Trichothecene mycotoxins and their interactions with plants. In Mycotoxins and Phycotoxins, pp. 153–160. (P.S. Steyn ed.). Elsevier, Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  12. Jarvis, B.B., Wells, K.M., Lee, Y.W., Bean, G.A., Kommedahl, T., Barros, S.S., and Barros, C.S.L. (1987). Macrocyclic trichothecenes mycotoxins from species of Brazilian Baccharis. Phytopathology, 77, 980–984.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Jarvis, B.B., Midiwo, J.O., Bean, G.A., Aboul-Nasr, M.B., and Barros, C.S.L. (1988). The mystery of trichothecene antibiotics in Baccharis species. J. Nat. Prod. (in press)Google Scholar
  14. Kupchan, S.M., Streelman, D.R., Jarvis, B.B., Dailey, R.G. Jr., and Sneden, A. 1977. Isolation of potent new antileukemic trichothecenes from Baccharis megapotomica. J. Org. Chem., 42, 4221–4225.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kuti, J.O., Ng, T.J., and Bean, G.A. (1987). Phytotoxic effects of trichothecene metabolites from pathogenic strains of Myrothecium roridum on Cucumis melo. In Biodeterioration Research, vol. 1, pp. 213–222. ( Gerald C. Llewellyn and Charles E. O’Rear, eds.) Plenum Publishing Corp. N.Y.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Lockerman, R.H., and Putnam, A.R. (1981). Growth inhibitors in cucumber plants and seeds. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci., 106, 418–422.Google Scholar
  17. McLaughlin, C.S., Vaughan, I.M., Campbell, C.M., Wei, C., Stafford, M.E., and Hansen, B.S. (1977). Inhibition of protein synthesis by trichothecenes. In Mycotoxins in Human and Animal Health, pp. 263–273. ( J.V. Rodericks, C.W. Hesseltine and M.A. Melilman eds.). Pathotox. Publisher IL.Google Scholar
  18. Rice, E.L. (1979). Allelopathy-an update. Botanical Rev., 45, 15109.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Ueno, Y. (1980). Trichothecene mycotoxins; mycology, chemistry and toxicology. Adv. Nutr. Sci., 3, 301–353.Google Scholar
  20. Ueno, Y. (1983). Trichothecenes: Chemical, Biological, and Toxicological Aspects Kodansha Press, Tokyo. 313 pp.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joseph O. Kuti
    • 1
  • Nahid Mokhtari
    • 1
  • Bruce B. Jarvis
    • 1
  • George A. Bean
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry and BiochemistryUniversity of MarylandCollege ParkUSA
  2. 2.Department of BotanyUniversity of MarylandCollege ParkUSA

Personalised recommendations