Advertisement

Responses of the American Cockroach, Periplaneta Americana (L.), to High Concentrations of Dietary Aflatoxin B1

  • Leslie P. Foldesi
  • Peter C. Sherertz
  • Richard R. Mills
  • Gerald C. Llewellyn

Abstract

Aflatoxins are a group of fungal metabolites produced by Aspergillus flavus and A. parasiticus and they may be found as contaminants in many stored agricultural products (Diener and Davis, 1969; Golumbic and Kulic, 1969). Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) is a highly toxic heptacarcinogen in most laboratory and domestic animals (Newberne and Butler, 1969); and has been shown to be more toxic than any of the other naturally occurring aflatoxins such as AFB2, AFG1, and AFG2 (Butler and Wogan, 1965).

Keywords

Food Consumption Water Consumption Food Consumption Pattern American Cockroach Food Consumption Rate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Beard, R.L. and Walton, G.S. (1971). Insecticidal mycotoxins produced by Aspergillus flavus var. columnaris. Bull. Conn. Agr. Exp. Sta., 725, 1–26.Google Scholar
  2. Becker, G., Frank, H.K., and Lenz, M. (1969). Die Giftwirkung von Aspergillus flavus Stamen in Beziehung zu ihrem Aflatoxin-Gehalt. Z. Angew. Zool., 56, 451–464.Google Scholar
  3. Butler, W.H. (1965). Liver injury and aflatoxins. In: Mycotoxins in Foodstuffs, pp.175–186 ( G.N. Wogan, ed.), MIT Press, Cambridge, MA.Google Scholar
  4. Diener, U.L., and Davis, N.D. (1969). Aflatoxin formation by Aspergillus flavus. In: Aflatoxin - Scientific Background, Control and Implications, pp. 13–54 ( L.A. Goldblatt, ed.), Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
  5. Golumbic, C., and Kulik, M. (1969). Fungal Spoilage on stored crops and its control. In Aflatoxin - Scientific Background, Control and Implications, pp.307–327 ( L.A. Goldblatt, ed.), Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
  6. Gudauskas, R.T., Davis, N.D., and Diener, U.L. (1967). Sensitivity of Heliothis virescens larvae to aflatoxin in ad libitum feeding. J. Invertebr. Pathol. 9 (1), 132–133.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Horowitz, W., Senzel, A., and Reynolds, H. (eds.), (1975). Natural poisons. Official Methods of Analysis of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists. (2nd ed.), pp. 465–473. The Assoc. of Offic. Analytical Chemists, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  8. Llewellyn, G.C., Gee, C.L., and Sherertz, P.C. (1988). Toxic responses of developing fifth instar milkweed bugs, Oncopeltus fasciatus (Hemiptera), to aflatoxin B1. Bull. Environ. Cont. Toxicol., 40, 332–228.Google Scholar
  9. Llewellyn, G.C., Mills, R.R., and Sherertz, P.C. (1978). A cage for studying cockroaches and other insects. Am. Bio. Teach., 48, 98–99.Google Scholar
  10. Llewellyn, G.C., Sherertz, P.C., and Mills, R.R. (1976). The response of dietary stressed Periplaneta americana to chronic intake of pure aflatoxin B1. Bull. Environ. Cont. Toxicol., 15, 391–397.Google Scholar
  11. Matsumura, F. and Knight, S.G. (1967). Toxicity and chemosterilizing activity of aflatoxin against insects. J. Econ. Entomol., 60 (3), 871–872.Google Scholar
  12. Newberne, P.M. and Butler, W.H. (1969). Acute and chronic effects of aflatoxin on the liver of domestic and laboratory animals: a review. Cancer Res., 29 (1), 236–250.Google Scholar
  13. Sherertz, P.C., Mills, R.R., and Llewellyn, G.C. (1978). Comparative dietary patterns and body weight changes in adult male American cockroaches fed pure aflatoxin B1. Bull. Environ. Cont. Toxicol., 20 (5), 687–695.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leslie P. Foldesi
    • 1
    • 2
  • Peter C. Sherertz
    • 1
    • 2
  • Richard R. Mills
    • 1
    • 2
  • Gerald C. Llewellyn
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of BiologyVirginia Commonwealth UniversityRichmondUSA
  2. 2.Division of Health Hazards ControlVirginia Department of HealthRichmondUSA

Personalised recommendations