Introduction to Superconductivity
We are all aware of the fact that a revolution is taking place in the field of superconductivity. Properties, that for 75 years and despite the efforts of numerous scientists were restricted to extremely low temperatures, were extended dramatically in 1986 by Bednorz, Mueller  and others to new classes of materials and to more easily-accessible conditions. Because of the scope of these developments, it is probable that new mechanisms for the phenomenon will need to be identified and understood. Fortunately, there is a remarkable number of properties and behaviors which the high-temperature oxides share in common with conventional, low-temperature superconducting materials. The purpose of this introduction is to review those general features of superconductivity, mostly at the phenomenological level, which are common to both low- and high-temperature superconductors and which support our understanding and application of both.
KeywordsJosephson Junction Electrical Current Density High Transition Temperature Oxide Superconductor Final Induction
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