Prison Labor and Industry

  • Timothy J. Flanagan
Part of the Law, Society and Policy book series (LSPO, volume 4)


Work has been one of the defining characteristics of incarceration throughout the history of American prisons. “Work was in fact the core of the penal experience both at the Eastern Penitentiary, the first such institution in the United States, and at Auburn in New York” (Schaller, 1982: 3). The celebrated debate between the designers of the Pennsylvania “solitary” system and the Auburn “congregate” system of prison organization was largely a controversy about the most efficient way to organize production within the confines of maximum security.


Work Program Recidivism Rate State Prison Federal Prison Prison Environment 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Timothy J. Flanagan
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Criminal JusticeState University of New York at AlbanyAlbanyUSA

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