Effects of Different Inspiratory/Expiratory (I/E) Ratios and Peep-Ventilation on Blood Gases and Hemodynamics in Dogs with Severe Respiratory Distress Syndrome (RDS)
Despite great advances in the treatment of acute respiratory failure, many patients do not respond to accepted methods of resuscitation. The great majority of these critically ill patients fall into the category of adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).The main immediate therapeutic goal in severe ARDS consists of attempting to overcome hypoxaemia as well as metabolic and respiratory acidosis by means of respiratory therapy, increased inspiratory oxygen concentration and infusion of buffer solution. Some patients, who showed no improvement from this therapeutic regiment, have been treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) (1) or with extracorporeal elimination of CO2 (2) in combination with low frequency ventilation in a few highly specialized intensive care units.
KeywordsAcute Respiratory Failure Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome Inspiratory Time High Peep
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