Prediction of Child Competence from Maternal Beliefs and Behaviors During Infancy

  • Earl S. Schaefer
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSA, volume 161)


Research on parental attitudes, beliefs, and values and observational studies of maternal behavior during infancy provide a basis for a longitudinal study of maternal predictors of child academic competence. A review of research on parent beliefs and values contributes to the development of a concept of parental modernity. Integration of previous factor analyses of observations of maternal behavior during infancy with the factor analyses of this research reveals two major dimensions that can probably be replicated in future studies. Factor analyses of teacher ratings of child adaptive behavior differentiate child academic competence from two major factors of child social-emotional adjustment. Longitudinal analyses reveal that modern parent beliefs and behaviors are significantly correlated with child academic competence. A discussion of relationships among constructs of parental modernity, individual modernity, and societal modernity and their probable relationship to historical increases in mental test scores supports an environmental interpretation of correlations between maternal behavior and child competence.


Teacher Rating Maternal Behavior Academic Competence Verbal Intelligence Parental Belief 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Earl S. Schaefer
    • 1
  1. 1.Frank Porter Graham Child Development CenterUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel HillChapel HillUSA

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