Maternal Stress during Pregnancy and the Behavior of the Offspring
Proverbs in old Finnish folklore say that maternal psychological stress during pregnancy results in the newborn child having a timid temperament. In this chapter I would like to review my own research which strongly supports these old ideas. Thus, the results of both experimental and epidemiological studies suggest that especially during months 3 to 6 of pregnancy, maternal stress may affect the temperament of the child and increase its risk of psychiatric and behavioral disorders.
KeywordsMaternal Stress Pregnant Mother Newborn Child Prospective Epidemiological Study Infant Temperament
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