The Use of ALDH Induction as a Carcinogenic Risk Marker in Comparison with Typical in Vitro Mutagenicity System

  • V. Vasiliou
  • K. Athanasiou
  • M. Marselos

Abstract

Several aldehyde-oxidizing isozymes, the aldehyde dehydrogenases (ALDHs), are distributed in the mitochondrial, the microsomal and the cytosolic fraction of the rat liver (Deitrich, 1966; Tottmar et al., 1973). Previous studies have described the induction of two cytosolic aldehyde dehydrogenases by a variety of xenobiotics (Deitrich, 1971; Deitrich et al., 1977). Phenobarbital induces a specific ALDH (PB-ALDH) in certain genetically defined rat strains (Deitrich, 1971; Marselos, 1976). In addition, another cytosolic ALDH (T-ALDH) is induced by 2,3,7,8tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) and certain carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (P.A.Hs) in all rat strains tested (Marselos and Hanninen, 1974; Deitrich et al., 1978; Marselos et al., 1979). This isozyme is induced also in cultures of human hepatocytes, after in vitro exposure to 3-methylcholanthrene (Marselos et al., 1987).

Keywords

Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Aldehyde Dehydrogenase ALDH Activity Carcinogenic Potency Aldehyde Dehydrogenase Activity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. Vasiliou
    • 1
  • K. Athanasiou
    • 1
  • M. Marselos
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Pharmacology, Medical SchoolUniversity of IoanninaIoanninaGreece

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