Luminescence: General Concepts and Applications to the Study of Solids

  • Franco Bassani


Luminescence is the general term used to indicate emission of light by matter. Luminescence phenomena have always been known to man: lightning, the aurora borealis, light emission by bacteria in the sea or by decaying organic matter are common natural phenomena. However, it was a specific artificial effect observed by accident by a shoemaker named Vincenzo Casciarolo in 1603 that started the scientific inquiry into the problem of luminescence.


Spontaneous Emission Vibrational State Stokes Shift Probability Rate Dipole Matrix Element 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bassani, F., and Andreani, L., Quantum Theory of Polaritons to appear in Excited States Spectroscopy, Proceedings of the E. Fermi School (North Holland, Amsterdam, 1986).Google Scholar
  2. Bassani, F., and Pastori-Parravicini, G., 1975, Electronic States and Optical Transitions in Solids, Pergamon Press, Oxford.Google Scholar
  3. Dexter, D. L., 1958, in: Solid State Physics, Vol. 6, F. Seitz and D. Turnbull, eds., Academic Press, NY.Google Scholar
  4. Einstein, A., 1917, Zur Quantentheorie der Strahlung, Phys. Z., 18:121.Google Scholar
  5. Frank, J., 1926, Elementary Processes of Photochemical Reactions, Trans. Faraday Soc., 21:536.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Grassano, U. M., Piacentini, M., and Zema, N., 1986, Il Nuovo Cimento D, 7:379.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Gratton, E., Jameson, D. M., and Hall, R., 1984, Multifrequency Phase and Modulation Fluorometry, Ann. Rev. Biophys. Bioeng., 13:105.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. der Haar, D., 1967, The Old Quantum Theory, Pergamon, Oxford.Google Scholar
  9. Loudon, R., 1983, The Quantum Theory of Light, Clarendon Press, Oxford.Google Scholar
  10. Newton-Harvey, E., 1957, History of Luminescence, From the Earliest Times Until 1900, American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia (reprint 1980).Google Scholar
  11. Planck, M., 1900, Verh. d. Deutschen Physikal. Gesellschaft, Verh. dt. Phys. Ges., 2:202 and 237.Google Scholar
  12. Roick, E., Gaethke, R., Gurtler, P., Woodruff, T. O., Zimmerer, G., 1984, Observation of Surface-Sensitive Luminescence in Solid Argon; Relation to Self-Trapping and Relaxation of Exitons, J. Phys. C., 17:945.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Seitz, F, 1936, Elektrische Leitfähigheit von Mechanisch Beanspruchten Seignettesalz-Einkristallen, Z. Physik, 101:234.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Seitz, F., 1939, An Interpretation of Crystal Luminescence, Trans. Faraday Soc., 35:74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Testa, A., Czaja, V., Quattropani, A., and Schwendimann, P., 1987, Light Emission from Impurity States in Solids: Conventional and Coherent Phonon Descriptions, J. of Phys., C, (Solid State) 20:1253.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Trauernicht, D. P., and Wolfe, J. P., 1986, Drift and Diffusion of Paraexitons in Cu2O: Deformation-Potential Scattering in the Low-Temperature Regime, Phys. Rev. B., 33:8506.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Wiedemann, E., 1888, Uber Fluorescenz und Phosphorescenz, I. Abhandlung, Ann. Physik und Chemie, 34:446.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Franco Bassani
    • 1
  1. 1.Scuola Normale SuperiorePisaItaly

Personalised recommendations