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Chitosan and Derivatives as Activators of Plant Cells in Tissues and Seeds

  • Shigehiro Hirano
  • Masahiko Hayashi
  • Kakuko Murae
  • Hisaya Tsuchida
  • Takeshi Nishida
Part of the Polymer Science and Technology book series (PST, volume 38)

Abstract

Chitosan and its derivatives (O-carboxymethylchitosan, O-glycolchitosan, chitosan oligosaccharides, and low molecular weight chitosan) were tested for inducing plant chitinase and chitosanase activities and for increasing plant growth. Chitinase and chitosanase activities were widely distributed in plants, and especially high in their exo-tissues. These enzymes activities were increased up to 3.5-fold in the presence of low molecular weight chitosan (0.05%) in the callus formation of cabbage leaves on the Murashige-Skoog medium, and up to 3.0-fold in the germination stage of soybean and Japanese radish seeds coated with a thin membrane of low molecular weight chitosan. These coated Japanese radish seeds were cultivated in the field, and the yield of the radish plants was 7–13% higher than that of the uncoated seeds.

Keywords

Callus Formation Chitinase Activity Thin Membrane Murashige Skoog Radish Plant 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shigehiro Hirano
    • 1
  • Masahiko Hayashi
    • 1
  • Kakuko Murae
    • 1
  • Hisaya Tsuchida
    • 1
  • Takeshi Nishida
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Agricultural BiochemistryTottori UniversityTottori 680Japan

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