Clinical Experience with CF-FUra
Two trials of CF-FUra in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer were performed, both using a 3 day loading dose and then weekly maintenance doses to minimize toxicity. The first trial used CF by IV infusion with constant dose of FUra 400 mg/m2, and the second trial used oral CF with escalating doses of FUra.
In the first trial, 45 eligible patients (20 with and 25 without prior therapy) were treated. Toxicity usually consisted of diarrhea or weakness and was controlled by delaying or decreasing 5FU dose. Subjective responses occurred in 75% of patients but did not correlate with antineoplastic effect. objective responses were seen in 36% and stabilization of disease in 31% of patients, and correlated with prolonged survival. Median survival was 8 months for patients with prior treatment and 10 for those without, and 12 month survival was 32% and 40%, respectively. There was no correlation between the development of toxicity and response or survival.
The second trial was recently conducted in cooperation with Duke University to determine toxicity and efficacy of oral CF with IV FUra prior to a randomized trial of this combination versus placebo with IV FUra. Eighteen patients were treated and serum levels of folates were obtained on 10. First toxicity occurred at FUra doses ranging from 375 to 850 mg/m2, and consisted of diarrhea in 9, lethargy in 7, nausea/ vomiting in 4, dermatitis in 4, conjunctivitis in 2, hypersalivation in 2, stomatitis in 1, and profound granulocytopenia in 1. Response rate was 35% and stabilization was 35% with median survival of 14 months and 12 month survival of 56%.
KeywordsFolinic Acid Serum Folate Antineoplastic Effect Chiral HPLC Serum Folate Level
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