Pilot Study on Risk Management of Chemicals in the Environment: An Introduction

  • H. M. Seip
  • A. Heiberg
Part of the NATO · Challenges of Modern Society book series (NATS, volume 12)


Assessment and management of risks connected to health and safety protection have very old origins. In fact, procedures for regulating the consumption of potentially dangerous foods are mentioned in the Bible. Laws including some risk management principles were also present in legislation from the Roman Empire and Middle Ages. English laws were issued in the thirteenth and fourteenth century for the prevention of health risks by unwholesome or damaged foods. As early as 1661, John Evelyn discussed health problems by smog in London. In 1855 the question of how to evaluate a clean environment was expressed by Chief Seattle in his famous letter to the American President, in which he states: “If we do not own the freshness of the air and the sparkle of the water, how can you buy them?”


Risk Assessment Risk Management Decision Analysis Royal Commission Methyl Isocyanate 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. M. Seip
    • 1
  • A. Heiberg
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Industrial ResearchOsloNorway

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