Retinal Rod Neurogenesis

  • Russell D. Fernald
Part of the Perspectives in Vision Research book series (PIVR)


The vertebrate eye originally evolved as an underwater visual organ; thus, all vertebrate eyes share a common set of structural properties. This is in striking contrast to the enormous variety of eye types found among invertebrates. Despite the fundamentally similar ocular architecture that exists throughout vertebrate phylogeny, there are still significant differences among eyes. Specifically, fishes, which comprise more than half the extant vertebrate species, have eyes that grow throughout their lifetimes. The advantages of a larger eye are the greater light-capturing ability for deep-sea fish and higher acuity for surface dwellers (for details, see Fernald, 1988).


Outer Nuclear Layer Inner Nuclear Layer Cichlid Fish Central Retina Germinal Zone 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Russell D. Fernald
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of NeuroscienceUniversity of OregonEugeneUSA
  2. 2.Stanford UniversityStanfordUSA

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