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Herpes Simplex

  • Laure Aurelian
Part of the Infectious agents and pathogenesis book series (IAPA)

Abstract

The term herpes has been in the medical vocabulary for at least 25 centuries. In the Hippocratic corpus, it was used to describe an assortment of cutaneous lesions, including clinical descriptions compatible with herpes simplex and herpes zoster lesions. During the early nineteenth century, six clinical entities, including facial and genital herpes, were delineated. However, they were not considered communicable, possibly because of the idiosyncratic appearance of symptoms in conjunction with disparate well-defined febrile illnesses.(1) In the years since then it has been established that two serotypes of herpes simplex virus (HSV) infect humans: type 1 (HSV-1), which primarily causes oropharyn geal lesions, and type 2 (HSV-2), which primarily causes genital disease. Characteristic of the pathogenesis of the disease, is the ability of the virus to persist in the host indefinitely, becoming periodically reactivated to cause recurrent cutaneous disease. This chapter reviews available information on HSV-induced immunity and considers the premise that immunomodulation plays a critical role in disease pathogenesis.

Keywords

Herpes Simplex Virus Herpes Simplex Virus Type Mononuclear Phagocyte Genital Herpes Herpes Simplex Virus Infection 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Laure Aurelian
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics and MicrobiologyUniversity of Maryland School of MedicineBaltimoreUSA
  2. 2.Divisions of Comparative Medicine and BiophysicsThe Johns Hopkins Medical InstitutionsBaltimoreUSA

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