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Prostaglandins and Leukotrienes in Pulmonary O2 Toxicity

  • Morris D. Faiman
  • Lavonne M. Patton
Part of the Basic Life Sciences book series (BLSC, volume 49)

Abstract

O2 radicals can initiate peroxidation of cellular membranes, resulting in the release of hydrolytic enzymes, decreased membrane fluidity, and compromised membrane integrity. Free radicals also may cause the release of vasoactive substances, including prostaglandins (PG) and leukotrienes (LT). These products of the arachidonic acid cascade have been shown to produce vasoconstriction, vasodilation, platelet aggregation, increased capillary permeability, plasma extravasation, and edema formation. Of interest is that a similar pathophysiology is seen after O2 exposure. Employing the isolated perfused lung (IPL) prepared from lungs of rats exposed to 100% O2, the role of PG and LT in O2-induced lung damage was studied.

Keywords

Capillary Permeability Plasma Extravasation Arachidonic Acid Cascade Hyperoxic Exposure Lung Damage 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Morris D. Faiman
    • 1
  • Lavonne M. Patton
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Pharmacology and ToxicologyUniversity of KansasLawrenceUSA

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