Advertisement

Detection of Blood Flow to the Brain by Radionuclide Cerebral Imaging

  • Jan Arthur Schwartz
  • David Brill
  • John Baxter

Abstract

The Guidelines for the Determination of Death provide two separate diagnostic pathways, the clinical pathway and the irreversible ischemic pathway, by which diagnosis of clinically suspected brain death may be confirmed (President’s Commission for the Study of Ethical Problems in Medicine and Biomedical and Behavioral Research, 1981).

Keywords

Cerebral Blood Flow Brain Death Clinical Pathway Clinical Brain Brain Death Determination 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Ashwal, S., and Schneider, S, 1979, Failure of electroencephalography to diagnose brain death in comatose children, Ann. Neurol. 6: 512–517.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Goodman, J. M., and Heck, L. L., 1977, Confirmation of brain death at the bedside by isotope angiography, JAMA 238: 966–968.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Goodman, J. M., Mishkin, F., and Dyken, M., 1969, Determination of brain death by isotope angiography, JAMA 209: 1869–1872.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Goodman. J. M., Heck, L. L., and Moore, B. D.. 1985, Confirmation of brain death with portable isotope angiography: A review of 204 consecutive cases, Neurosurgery 16: 492–497.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Indeck, M., Peterson, S., and Brotman, S., 1987, Risk, cost, and benefit of transporting patients from the ICU for special studies, Crit. Care Med. 15: 350.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Jastremski, M., Powner, D., Snyder, J., Smith, J., and Grevnik, A., 1978, Problems in brain death determination. Forensic Sci. 11: 201–212.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Mani, R. L., 1977, Angiography of cerebrovascular occlusive disease: Current concepts, in: Diagnostic Radiology 1977 ( A. R. Margulis and C. A. Gooding, eds.), pp. 741–760, CV Mosby, St. Louis.Google Scholar
  8. Montes, J. E., and Conn, A. W., 1980, Near-drowning: An unusual case, Can. Anaesth. Soc. J. 27: 172–174.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Muizelaar, J. P., and Obrist, W. D., 1985, Cerebral blood flow and brain metabolism with brain injury, in: Central Nervous System Trauma Status Report ( D. P. Becker and J. T. Povlishock, eds.), pp. 123–137, William Byrd Press, Richmond, Virginia.Google Scholar
  10. Pasternak, J. F., and Volpe, J. J., 1979, Full recovery from prolonged brainstem failure following intraventricular hemorrhage. J. Pediatr. 95: 1046–1049.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Powner, D. J., 1976, Drug-associated isoelectric EEGs, a hazard in brain-death certification, JAMA 236: 1123.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Report of the Medical Consultants on the Diagnosis of Death for the President’s Commission for the Study of Ethical Problems in Medicine and Biomedical and Behavioral Research: Guidelines for the Determi-nation of Death, 1981, JAMA 246: 2184–2186.Google Scholar
  13. Report of the Special Task Force, 1987, Guidelines for the Determination of Brain Death in Children, Pediatrics 80: 298–299.Google Scholar
  14. Schwartz, J. A., Baxter, J., and Brill, D. R., 1984, Diagnosis of brain death in children by radionuclide cerebral imaging, Pediatrics 73: 14–18.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Schwartz, J. A., Baxter, J., Brill, D. R. and Burns, J. R., 1983, Radionuclide cerebral imaging confirming brain death, JAMA 249: 246–247.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Volpe, J. J., 1987, Brain death determination in newborn, Pediatrics 80: 293–297.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jan Arthur Schwartz
    • 1
  • David Brill
    • 2
  • John Baxter
    • 3
  1. 1.Departments of Anesthesiology and PediatricsGeisinger Clinic, Geisinger Medical CenterDanvilleUSA
  2. 2.Department of Nuclear Imaging, Division of RadiologyGeisinger Clinic, Geisinger Medical CenterDanvilleUSA
  3. 3.Department of Special Procedures, Division of RadiologyGeisinger Clinic, Geisinger Medical CenterDanvilleUSA

Personalised recommendations