Advertisement

Reactions of Atomic Metal Ions with H2, CH4, and C2H6: Electronic Requirements for H—H, C—H, and C—C Bond Activation

  • Peter B. Armentrout
Part of the Modern Inorganic Chemistry book series (MICE)

Abstract

One of the obligations (and difficulties) faced by gas phase inorganic chemist is relating their work to the general field of condensed phase inorgani chemistry. One specific area of common interest to both gas phase and con densed phase inorganic chemists is the activation of C—H bonds by meta centers. Research into homogeneous systems which activate alkanes has seei a flurry of activity in recent years.(1) Similarly, ever since the first observatioi by Allison, Freas, and Ridge(2) in 1979 that atomic transition metal ions cai activate C—H and C—C bonds, a tremendous amount of experimental worl has centered on the gas phase reactions of M+ with alkanes. Unfortunately the connection between these gas phase and condensed phase systems ha been elusive. This relationship is critical if the data of the gas phase chemis are to be most meaningful.

Keywords

Potential Energy Surface Bond Energy Bond Dissociation Energy Bond Dissociation Energy Relative Kinetic Energy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Crabtree, R.H. Chem. Rev. 1985, 85 ,245–269.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Allison, J., Freas, R.B., Ridge, D.P. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1979, 101 ,1332–1333.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Aristov, N.; Armentrout, P.B. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1984, 106 ,4065–4066.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Aristov, N.; Armentrout, P.B. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1986, 108 ,1806–1819.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Georgiadis, R., Armentrout, P.B. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1986, 108 ,2119–2126.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Sunderlin, L., Aristov, N.; Armentrout, P.B. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1987, 109 ,78–89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7a.
    Schultz, R.H., Armentrout, P.B. J. Phys. Chem. 1987, 91 ,4433–4435.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 7aa.
    Schultz, R.H., Elkind, J.L., Armentrout, P.B. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1988, 110 ,411–423.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 7b.
    Aristov, N.; Armentrout, P.B. J. Phys. Chem. 1987, 91 ,6178–6188.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 7c.
    Sunderlin, L., Armentrout, P.B. J. Phys. Chem. 1988, 92 ,1209–1219.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 7d.
    Georgiadis, R., Armentrout, P.B. J. Phys. Chem. accepted for publication,Google Scholar
  12. 7e.
    Aristov, N.; Fisher, E.R., Georgiadis, R.; Schultz, R.H., Sunderlin, L.S.; Armentrout, P.B., work in progress.Google Scholar
  13. 8.
    Elkind, J.L., Armentrout, P.B. J. Phys. Chem. 1985, 89 ,5626–5636.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 9.
    Elkind, J.L., Armentrout, P.B. J. Chem. Phys. 1986, 84 ,4862–4871.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 10.
    Elkind, J.L.; Armentrout, P.B. Inorg. Chem. 1986, 25 ,1078–1080.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 10a.
    Armentrout, P.B.; Georgiadis, R. Polyhedron 1988, in press.Google Scholar
  17. 11.
    Elkind, J.L., Armentrout, P.B. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1986, 108 ,2765–2767CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 11a.
    Elkind, J.L., Armentrout, P.B. J. Phys. Chem. 1986, 90 ,5736–5745.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 12.
    Elkind, J.L.; Armentrout, P.B. J. Phys. Chem. 1986, 90 ,6576–6586.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 13.
    Elkind, J.L., Armentrout, P.B. J. Chem. Phys. 1987, 86 ,1868–1877.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 14.
    Elkind, J.L., Armentrout, P.B. J. Phys. Chem. 1987, 91 ,2037–2045.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 15a.
    Elkind, J.L., Armentrout, P.B. Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Proc. 1988, 83 ,259–284.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 15b.
    Georgiadis, R., Armentrout, P.B., J. Phys. Chem. ,accepted for publication,Google Scholar
  24. 15c.
    Elkind, J.L.; Sunderlin, L.S., Armentrout, P.B., work in progress.Google Scholar
  25. 16.
    Garstang, R.H. Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 1962, 124 ,321; private communication.Google Scholar
  26. 17.
    Georgiadis, R.; Armentrout, P.B. Chem. Phys. Lett. 1987, 137 ,144–148.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 18.
    Sanders, L.; Sappy, A.D.; Weisshaar, J. J. Chem. Phys. 1986, 85 ,6952–6963CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 18.
    Sanders, L.; Hanton, S.; Weisshaar, J.C. J. Phys. Chem. 1987, 91 ,5145–5148.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 19.
    Ervin, K.; Armentrout, P.B. J. Chem. Phys. 1985, 83 ,166–189.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 20a.
    Ervin, K.M.; Armentrout, P.B. J. Chem. Phys. 1986, 84 ,6738–6749;CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 20b.
    Ervin, K.M.; Armentrout, P.B. J. Chem. Phys. 1986, 85 ,6380–6395.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 21.
    Burley, J.D.; Ervin, K.M.; Armentrout, P.B. J. Chem. Phys. 1987, 86 ,1944–1953.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 21.
    Burley, J.D.; Ervin, K.M.; Armentrout, P.B. J. Int. J. Mass Spectrum. Ion Proc. 1987, 80 ,153–175.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 22.
    Teloy, E., Gerlich, D. Chem. Phys. 1974, 4 ,417–427CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 22a.
    Frobin, W.; Schlier, Ch.; Strein, K.; Teloy, E. J. Chem. Phys. 1977, 67 ,5505–5516.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 22b.
    Frobin, W.; Schlier, Ch.; Strein, K.; Teloy, E. J. Chem. Phys. 1977, 67 ,5505–5516.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 23.
    Ervin, K.M.; Armentrout, P.B. J. Chem. Phys. 1987, 86 ,2659–2673.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 24.
    Chantry, P.J. J. Chem. Phys. 1971, 55 ,2746–2759CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 24.
    Lifshitz, C.; Wu, R.L.C.; Tiernan, T.O., Terwilliger, D.T. J. Chem. Phys. 1978, 68 ,247–259.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 25.
    Gioumousis, G.; Stevenson, D.P. J. Chem. Phys. 1958, 29 ,294.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 26.
    Talrose, V.L.; Vinogradov, P.S.; Larin, I.K. In Gas Phase Ion Chemistry; Bowers, M.T., Ed.; Academic: New York, 1979; Vol. 1, pp. 305–347.Google Scholar
  42. 27.
    Henchman, M. In Ion-Molecule Reactions; Franklin, J.L., Ed.; Plenum: New York, 1972; Vol. 1, pp. 101–259.Google Scholar
  43. 28.
    Armentrout, P.B. In Structure, Reactivity and Thermochemistry of Ions; Ausloos, P.; Lias, S.G.; Eds.; Reidel: Dordrect, 1987; 97–164.Google Scholar
  44. 29.
    Light, J.C. J. Chem. Phys. 1964, 40 ,3221CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 29a.
    Pechukas, P.; Light, J.C. J. Chem. Phys. 1965, 42 ,3281CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 29b.
    Nikitin, E.E. Teor. Eksp. Khim. 1965, 1 ,135, 144, 248 [ Theor. Exp. Chem. (Engl. Trans.) 1975, 1 ,83, 90, 275];Google Scholar
  47. 29c.
    Chesnavich, W.J.; Bowers, M.T. J. Chem. Phys. 1977, 66 ,2306–2315CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 29d.
    Webb, D.A.; Chesnavich, W.J. J. Phys. Chem. 1983, 87 ,3791–3798.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 30.
    Bates, D.R. Proc. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 1978, 360 ,1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 31.
    Weber, M.E.; Elkind, J.L.; Armentrout, P.B. J. Chem. Phys. 1986, 84 ,1521–1529.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 32.
    Ervin, K.; Armentrout, P.B. J. Chem. Phys. 1986, 84 ,6750–6760.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 33.
    See, for example, Chapters by B.S. Freiser, D.P. Ridge, and D.H. Russell in this volume.Google Scholar
  53. 34.
    Reents, W.D., Jr.; Strobel, F.; Freas, R.B.; Wronka, J., Ridge, D.P. J. Phys. Chem. 1985, 89 ,5666–5670.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 35.
    Bensimon, M.; Houriet, R. Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Proc. 1986, 72 ,93–98.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 36.
    Elkind, J.L.; Armentrout, P.B. J. Phys. Chem. 1984, 88 ,5454–5456.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 37.
    Schilling, J.B.; Goddard, W.A.; Beauchamp, J.L. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1986, 108 ,582–584.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 38a.
    Vincent, M.A.; Yoshioka, Y.; Schaefer, H.F. J. Phys. Chem. 1982, 86 ,3905–3906,CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 38b.
    Alvarado-Swaisgood, A.E., Allison, J.; Harrison, J.F. J. Phys. Chem. 1985, 89 ,2517–2525;CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 38c.
    Alvarado-Swaisgood, A.E.; Harrison, J.F. J. Phys. Chem. 1985, 89 ,5198–5202;CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 38d.
    Rappe, A.K.; Upton, T.H. J. Chem. Phys. 1986, 85 ,4400–4410;CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. 38e.
    Dupuis, M.; Hammond, B.L.; Lester, W.A. Private communication.Google Scholar
  62. 39.
    Pettersson, L.G.M.; Bauschlicher, C.W.; Langhoff, S.R.; Partridge, H. J. Chem. Phys. 1987, 87 ,481.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. 40.
    Mandich, M.L.; Halle, L.F.; Beauchamp, J.L. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1984, 106 ,4403–4411.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. 41.
    Armentrout, P. B.; Halle, L.F.; Beauchamp, J.L. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1981, 103 ,6501–6502.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 42.
    Armentrout, P.B.; Beauchamp, J.L. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1981, 103 ,784–791.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. 43.
    Halpern, J. Acc. Chem. Res. 1982, 15 ,238–244CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. 43.
    Halpern, J. Inorg. Chim. Acta 1985, 100 ,41–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. 44.
    Brookhart, M.; Green, M.L.H. J. Organomet. Chem. 1983, 250 ,395–408.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. 45.
    Calhorda, M.J.; Simoes, J.A.M. Private communication.Google Scholar
  70. 46.
    Eisenstein, O., Jean, Y. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1985, 107 ,1177–1186.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. 47.
    Demuynck, J., Schaefer, H.F. J. Chem. Phys. 1980, 72 ,311–315CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. 47a.
    Walch, S.P., Bauschlicher, C.W. J. Chem. Phys. 1983, 78 ,4597–4605.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. 48.
    Hettich, R.L., Freiser, B.C. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1986, 108 ,5086.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. 49.
    Alvarado-Swaisgood, A.E., Allison, J., Harrison, J.F. J. Phys. Chem. 1985, 89 ,2517–2525; Harrison, J.F. Private communication.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. 50.
    Carter, E.A.; Goddard, W.A. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1986, 108 ,2180–2191.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. 51.
    Rothe, E.W.; Bernstein, R.B. J. Chem. Phys. 1959, 31 ,1619–1627.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. 52.
    Steigerwald, M.L.; Goddard, W.A. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1984, 106 ,308–311.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. 53.
    Halle, L.F.; Armentrout, P.B.; Beauchamp, J.L. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1981, 103 ,962–963.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. 54.
    Carter, E.A.; Goddard, W.A. J. Phys. Chem. 1984, 88 ,1485–1490.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. 55.
    Jacobson, D.B.; Freiser, B.S. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1985, 107 ,5870–5883.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. 56.
    Low, J.J.; Goddard, W.A. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1984, 106 ,8321–8322.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. 57.
    Halle, L.F.; Armentrout, P.B.; Beauchamp, J.L. Organometallics 1982, 1 ,963–968CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. 57a.
    Houriet, R.; Halle, L.F.; Beauchamp, J.L. Organometallics 1983, 2 ,1818–1829.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. 58.
    Byrd, G.D.; Burnier, R.C.; Freiser, B.S. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1982, 104 ,3565–3569CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. 58a.
    Jacobson, D.B.; Freiser, B.S. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1983, 105 ,5197–5206.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. 59.
    Ruiz, M.E.; Garcia-Prieto, J.; Novaro, O. J. Chem. Phys. 1984, 80 ,1529–1534CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. 59a.
    Siegbahn, P.E.M.; Blomberg, M.R.A.; Bauschlicher, C.W. J. Chem. Phys. 1984, 81 ,1373–1382CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. 59b.
    Sevin, A., Chaquin, P. Nouv. J. Chim. 1983, 7, 353–360.Google Scholar
  89. 60.
    See, for example, Brothers, P.J. Prog. Inorg. Chem. 1981, 28 ,1CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. 60.
    Noell, J.O.; Hay, P.J. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1982, 104 ,4578–4584.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. 61.
    Saillard, J.; Hoffman, R. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1984, 106 ,2006–2026.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. 62.
    Shustotovich, E.; Baetzold, R.C.; Muetterties, E.L. J. Phys. Chem. 1983, 87 ,1100–1113CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. 62.
    Siegbahn, P.E.M.; Blomberg, M.R.A.; Bauschlicher, C.W. J. Chem. Phys. 1984, 81 ,2103–2111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. 63.
    Tolbert, M.A.; Beauchamp, J.L. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1986, 108 ,5675–5683.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. 64.
    Moore, C.E. Atomic Energy Levels; National Bureau of Standards: Washington, DC, 1949Google Scholar
  96. 64a.
    Sugar, J.; Corliss, C. J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 1977, 6,317–383,1253–1329,1978, 7,1191–1262; 1979 8 ,1–62; 1980, 9 ,473–511; 1981, 10 ,197–289, 1097–1174; 1982, 11 ,135–241.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter B. Armentrout
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryUniversity of UtahSalt Lake CityUSA

Personalised recommendations