Scholars in the fields of development and of population largely went their separate ways until relatively recent years. Explicit and systematic consideration of economic development processes and issues in the Third World began essentially after World War II, although some of the ideas central to development thinking have been around for a long time. Concern with population growth was also mainly a post—World War II phenomenon (with the important earlier exception of the Malthus controversies), but population growth did not engage worldwide attention until the mid-1960s. Attention to the issues raised by the interaction of population and development emerged in the 1970s and coalesced as a focus at the World Population Conference in Bucharest in 1974.
KeywordsCapita Income Family Planning Program Gross National Product Perfect Competition Keynesian Model
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- 1.An important collection concerned with the consequences of rapid population growth for economic development was published in 1971 (National Academy of Sciences, 1971), and between 1974 and 1976, other works on issues of population and development appeared. Among the more notable of these publications are King, Cuca, Gulhati, Hossain, Stern, Visaria, Zachariah, and Zafros (1974), McGreevey and Birdsall (1974), Robinson (1975), Coale (1976), and Ridker (1976)Google Scholar
- 2.This book is concerned with fertility only as a major component of population dynamics.Google Scholar