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Organization and Expression of the Genes Encoding the Human Somatomedins

  • J. S. Sussenbach
  • P. de Pagter-Holthuizen
  • M. Jansen
  • J. L. Van den Brande
Part of the Serono Symposia, USA book series (SERONOSYMP)

Abstract

The somatomedins or insulin-like growth factors (IGF) are small polypeptides which play an important role in fetal and postnatal growth and development (1,2). Two major human IGFs have been fully characterized: IGF-I is a basic peptide of 70 amino acids, which is required for postnatal growth, while IGF-II is a neutral peptide containing 67 residues probably involved in fetal development (3,4). Recently, the nucleotide sequences of cDNAs encoding IGF-I and IGF-II were reported (5–9). From the cDNA sequences it can be derived that both IGFs are synthesized as larger precursor molecules which undergo extensive processing. Employing the IGF-specific cDNAs as probes, the chromosomal assignment and structure of the IGF genes has been established. In this communication, our current insight in the organization and expression of the IGF genes will be presented.

Keywords

Adult Liver Insulin Gene Adult Human Liver Noncoding Exon Primer Extension Experiment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. S. Sussenbach
    • 1
  • P. de Pagter-Holthuizen
    • 1
  • M. Jansen
    • 2
  • J. L. Van den Brande
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratory for Physiological ChemistryState University of UtrechtUtrechtThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Department of PediatricsState University of UtrechtUtrechtThe Netherlands

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