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Drug-Induced Agranulocytosis and Other Effects Mediated by Peroxidases during the Respiratory Burst

  • Jack P. Uetrecht

Abstract

There are numerous examples demonstrating strong evidence that toxic reactions to drugs or other chemicals are due to chemically reactive metabolites.1 The form this toxicity takes can vary from cancer (presumably due to reaction of the metabolite with DNA) to anaphylactic reactions [presumably due to the metabolite acting as a hapten and reacting with a protein leading to the induction of immunoglobulin E (IgE) antibodies]. The greatest activity of enzymes capable of metabolizing xenobiotics is found in the liver; however, such enzymatic activity has been found in numerous other organs. One important aspect of this extrahepatic activity is that most reactive metabolites formed in the liver are too reactive to reach other target organs.

Keywords

Respiratory Burst Phorbol Myristate Acetate Reactive Metabolite Thyroid Peroxidase Idiosyncratic Reaction 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jack P. Uetrecht
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculties of Pharmacy and MedicineUniversity of Toronto and Sunnybrook HospitalTorontoCanada

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