Mass Transfer of Liquids Across Biological Barriers

  • Harold G. Hempling
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSA, volume 147)


I believe that I was asked to address my colleagues in Cryobiology because of my interest in water and how it moves across biological barriers. Apparently freezing produces differential changes in the osmolarity of cell and medium and having water around which can crystallize is not a happy event. Therefore a major portion of this talk will be devoted to the transfer of water between compartments as a consequence of osmotic gradients.


Permeability Coefficient Osmotic Gradient Permeable Solute Colloid Osmotic Pressure Osmotic Coefficient 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Harold G. Hempling
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhysiologyMedical University of South CarolinaCharlestonUSA

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