Changes in Renal Blood Flow, Glomerular Filtration, and Vasoactive Hormones in Bone-Marrow-Transplant Recipients After Total-Body Irradiation

  • S. C. Textor
  • S. J. Forman
  • R. D. Zipser
  • J. E. Carlson


Although the potential for radiation to produce renal damage at high doses has been well established, there are a few data regarding early functional and hormonal changes in the normal human kidney exposed to “tolerable dose” levels. We measured renal blood flow, glomerular filtration rate (GFR), plasma renin activity, and 6-keto-PGF in patients undergoing fractionated total-body irradiation (1320 rads, 13.2 Gy) prior to allogeneic bone marrow transplantation. Both renal plasma flow and GFR rose (23.8% and 28.4%, respectively), while renal vascular resistance fell. GFR rose to levels well above normal, associated with a fall in serum creatinine. These changes were accompanied by a rise in plasma renin activity and urinary 6-keto-PGF. We propose that irradiation at these doses induces mild renal vascular injury, allowing net vasodilation and hyperfiltration to occur. Such changes represent a hitherto-unrecognized response to whole-body irradiation.


Glomerular Filtration Rate Plasma Renin Activity Renal Blood Flow Allogeneic Bone Marrow Transplantation Urinary Flow Rate 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. C. Textor
    • 1
  • S. J. Forman
    • 2
  • R. D. Zipser
    • 3
  • J. E. Carlson
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Consultative Medicine/NephrologyCity of Hope National Medical CenterDuarteUSA
  2. 2.Department of Bone Marrow TransplantationCity of Hope National Medical CenterDuarteUSA
  3. 3.Department of MedicineHarbor-UCLA Medical CenterTorranceUSA

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