Psychosocial Factors in Bronchial Asthma and Allergy in Childhood: A Prospective Study
In psychosomatic research and clinical literature it is a well-established fact that psychological factors are important in understanding development, management and cure of asthma1. This is also shown in several reviews2,3 and is supported by studies showing low concordance of asthma in identical twins; a fact strongly suggesting that environmental factors are necessary for phenotypic expression of asthma or allergy4. It seems clear that allergic, immunological, infectious, psychophysiological, individual and family psychological factors interact to provoke attacks. However, the specific etiological role of the psychological factors has not been clearly stated, and the possible periferal mediator(s) are only globally stated. Today the literature seems to favor an interactionistic approach, and a number of etiological theories exist.
KeywordsEducational Status Psychological Risk Psychosomatic Research Etiological Theory Psychological Risk Factor
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