Psychoendocrinology of Hyperprolactinemia

  • B. Strauss
  • H. Appelt
  • S. Quitmann
  • D. Ulrich
  • H. G. Bonnet
Conference paper


Human prolactin was first isolated in 19701, and since then a variety of attempts has been made to demonstrate that this hormone affects certain psychological processes. There is some evidence that prolactin has an influence on sexual behaviour, mood and responses to stress.


Sexual Behavior Prolactin Level Sexual Problem Sexual Attitude Partner Relationship 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    A. G. Frantz and D. L. Kleinberg, Prolactin-Evidence that it is separate from growth hormone in human blood, Science 170:74–5 (1970).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    J. Bancroft, “Human sexuality and its problems”, Churchill Livingstone, London (1983).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    S. Franks, H. S. Jacobs, N. Martin and J. D. N. Nabarro, Hyperprolactinemia and impotence, Clin. Endocrin. 8:277 (1978).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    B. Strauss and J. Gross, Auswirkungen psychopharmakologischer Behandlung auf die sexuellen Funktionen, Fortschr. Neurol. Psychiat. 52:293 (1984).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    T. Kolakowska, Plasma prolactin during treatment with neuroleptic drugs, in: “Handbook of Psychiatry and Endocrinology”, P. J. V. Beaumont, G. D. Burrows, eds., Elsevier, Amsterdam (1982).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    G. Voigt, L. Fehm, Neuropsychoendokrinologie, in: “Psychosomatische Medizin”, T. v. Uexkuell, ed., Urban & Schwarzenberg, München (1986).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    U. Halbreich, I. Grunhaus and M. Ben-David, 24-hour rhythm of prolactin secretion in depressive patients, Arch. Gen. Psychiat. 36:1183 (1979).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    G. A. Fava, M. Fava, R. Kellner, E. Seraf’ini and I. Mastrogiacomo, Depression, hostility and anxiety in hyperprolactinemic amenorrhea, Psychoth.Psychosom. 36:122 (1981).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    G. L. Noel, H. K. Suk, J. G. Stone and A. G. Frantz, Human prolactin and growth hormone release during surgery and other conditions of stress, Journ. Clin. Endocrin. Metab. 35:840 (1972).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    B. B. Arnetz, G. Lahnborg, P. Eneroth and S. Thunell, Age-related differences in the serum prolactin response during standardized surgery, Life Scien. 35:2675 (1984).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    A. Volpe, V. Mazza and G. C. Renzo, Prolactin and certain obstetrics stress conditions. Biol.Res.Pregnancy 3:161 (1977).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    U. Auhagen-Stephanos, Kasuistischer Beitrag zur Diskussion psychosomatischer Zusammenhänge bei Hyperprolaktinämie, Gynäkologe 15:198 (1982).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    H. G. Bonnet and A. McNeilly, Prolactin assessment of its role in humans. Horm.Metab.Res. 11:533 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    H. G. Bohnet and H. P. G. Schneider, Prolactin as a cause of anovulation, in: “Prolactin and human reproduction”, P. G. Crosignani and C. Robyn, eds., Academic Press, London (1977).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    H. G. Bohnet, „Prolaktin und seine Bedeutung für die Frau“, Grosse-Verlag, Berlin (1981).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    L. Laux, P. Glanzmann, P. Schaffner and C. D. Spielberger, “Das State-Trait-Angst-Inventar”, Beltz, Weinheim (1981).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    E. Brahler and J. W. Scheer, „Der Giessener Beschwerdebogen (GBB)“, Huber, Bern (1983).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    E. Janke, G. Erdmann and W. Kallus, “Der Stressverarbeitungsfragebogen”, Hogrefe, Göttingen (1985).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    H. Appelt and B. Strauss, „Psychoendokrinologische Untersuchungsansätze in der Gynäkologie“, Enke, Stuttgart (in press).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    M. V. Kerekjarto, „Die Hamburger D-Skala“, unpubl.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    K. Hahlweg, Konstruktion und Validierung des Partnerschaftsfragebogens, Zeitschr.Klin.Psychol. 9:176 (1979).Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    B. Strauss and H. Appelt, Ein Fragebogen zur Beurteilung des eigenen Körpers, Diagnostica 29:145 (1983).Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    G. Arentewicz, R. Bulla, U. Schoff-Tams and E. Schorsch, Verhaltenstherapie sexueller Funktionsstörungen, in: “Ergebnisse zur Sexualforschung”, E. Schorsch and G. Schmidt, eds., Kiepenheuer & Witsch, Köln (1975).Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    B. Strauss, H. Appelt and C. Lange, Deutsche Neukonstruktion und Validierung des Menstrual Attitude Questionnaire, Psychoth med. Psychol. 41, in press (1987).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    F. Scherotzki-Haninger, H. Appelt and B. Strauss, Zur Sexualität alkoholkranker Frauen, Suchtgef 19: 283 (1986).Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    P. Mueller, K. Musch, A. S. Wolf, Prolactin — variables of personality and sexual behavior, in: “Psychoendocrinology of reproduction”, L. Zichella and P. Pancheri, eds., North-Holland BMP, Amsterdam (1979).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Strauss
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • H. Appelt
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • S. Quitmann
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • D. Ulrich
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • H. G. Bonnet
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Dept. of Psychotherapy and PsychosomaticsKiel UniversityFederal Republic of Germany
  2. 2.Dept. of Sex ResearchHamburg UniversityFederal Republic of Germany
  3. 3.Institute for Hormonal and Reproductive DisordersHamburgFederal Republic of Germany

Personalised recommendations