Possible Effects of the Proposed Eastern Route Diversion of Changjiang (Yangtze) River Water to the Northern Provinces with Emphasis on the Hydrobiological Environment of the Main Water Bodies Along the Transer Route

  • Huisheng Wu


In China there is an abundance of water in the south, the main sources being the Changjiang (Yangtze) River and its tributaries, while in the north, where the main supply is the Huanghe (Yellow) River, there is a shortage of water. The average annual rainfall throughout south China is more than 1000 mm while in the north it is only 500–600 mm (Figure 1). The Changjiang River Basin and areas to the south receive 75% of the country’s total surface runoff, while the Huanghe Basin and areas to the northwest receive only 8%. The Changjiang River has an annual flow of close to 100 x 1010 m3 per year, while the Huanghe River which is almost the same length, has an annual flow of less than 5 x 1010 m3. This disparity in water distribution indicates the need for eventual transfer of water from south to north.


Common Carp Grass Carp Silver Carp Northern Province Large Yellow Croaker 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Liu, J. K. 1984. Lakes of the Middle and Lower Basins of the Chang-Jiang (China) Lakes and Reservoir. (Ed. by F. B. Taub). Chapter 14. Elsevier Science Publishers, B. V. Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  2. Mathias, J. A. and Barica, J. 1985. Gas supersaturation as a case of early spring mortality of stocked trout. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 42: 268–279.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Renfro, W. C. 1963. Gas-bubble mortality of fishes in Galveston Bay, Texas. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 92: 320–322.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Whipple, G. C. 1927. The Microscopy of Drinking Water. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. New York.Google Scholar
  5. Wu, H. W. and Jao, C. C. 1958. Fish Farming in the Shallow Lakes in China. Verh. Int. Ver. Limnol., 13: 765–769.Google Scholar
  6. Yu, X. F. 1983. Possible effects of the partial diversion of Changjiang River water (the Eastern Route) to the northern provinces on the fish stock of the principal water-bodies along the course. In: Long Distance Transfer of Water, Diversion of the Yangtze River Water Transfer to the Northern Provinces in China and Experience of International Transfer of Water. (Ed. by Zuo Daikang, Biswas, A. K. et al.) pp. 223-230. Science Publishing House Beijiang (In Chinese).Google Scholar
  7. Xiao, R. W., Sun, Q. Q. and Chen, Y. T. 1982. Study on the northward migration of Oncomelania, after the diversion water from the Yangtze River to the Northern Provinces. Geographical Research 1(4): 73–79. (In Chinese).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Huisheng Wu
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of HydrobiologyAcademia SinicaWuhan, Hebei ProvincePeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations