CP Violation

  • Lincoln Wolfenstein
Part of the Ettore Majorana International Science Series book series (EMISS, volume 31)


The best known and verified part of particle physics is quantum electrodynamics (QED). This theory is invariant under each of the discrete symmetries
  • P : Parity (space inversion)

  • T : Time reversal

  • C : Charge conjugation (particleantiparticle exchange)


Higgs Boson Mass Matrix Electric Dipole Moment Vacuum Expectation Value Decay Amplitude 
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Bibliography and References

1. General reviews

  1. Much of the material is based on my article “Present Status of CP Violation” to be published in the Annual Review of Nuclear and Particle Science, Volume 36. I also refer to my 1968 Erice lectures published in “Theory and Phenomenology in Particle Physics (A. Zichichi, Ed.) Academic Press (1969).Google Scholar

2. Experimental Summaries

  1. A good review of older experiments is given by K. Kleinknecht, Ann. Rev. Nuc. Sci. 26:1 (1976). A recent review of ∈′/∈ measurements is given by G. Gollin, Proc. of the Oregon Meeting, World Scientific (1986).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

3. KM Matrix Elements

  1. V us: H. Leutwyler and M. Roos Z. Phys. C 25, 91 (1984).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. U cb: B. Grinstein, N. Isgur, and M. Wise, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56 298 (1986).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Unfortunately the theoretical result is more uncertain than indicated in this paper. General parameterization: L. Maiani, Int. Symp. on Lepton Photon Interaction p. 867 DESY Hamburg (1977). L. Wolfenstein, Phys. Rev. Lett. 51, 1945 (1983).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

4. Weinberg Higgs Model

  1. Recent analyses include J. F. Donoghue and B. R. Holstein, Phys. Rev. D32, 1152 (1985)ADSGoogle Scholar
  2. H. Y. Cheng, Phys. Rev. D34, 1397 (1986).ADSGoogle Scholar

5. Model

  1. Most of our results are taken from the work of G. Ecker and W. Grimus, Nuc. Phys. B 258, 328 (1985)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Most of our results are taken from the work of G. Ecker and W. Grimus, Phys. Lett. B 153, 279 (1985).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

6. CPT Violation

  1. A detailed analysis of data allowing for CPT violation is given by V. Barmin et al, Nucl. Phys. B 247, 293 (1984).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

7. Quantitative Calculation of and ∈′

  1. J. F. Donoghue, E. Golowich, and B. Holstein, Physics Reports 131, 319 (1986) and references thereinADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

8. Dipole Moment of the Neutron in the KM Model

  1. M. B. Gavela et al, Phys. Lett 109B, 215 (1982)ADSGoogle Scholar
  2. M. B. Gavela et al, Zeits. Phys. C23, 251 (1984)ADSGoogle Scholar
  3. I. B. Khriplovich et al, Soviet Physics JETP 60, 873 (1985).Google Scholar

9. CP Violation in p + p0304→Λ×Λ0304

  1. J. F. Donoghue in Proc. First Workshop on Antimatter Physics at Low Energy, p. 242 Fermilab (1986).Google Scholar

10. CP Violation in → γγ

  1. E. Golowich in Flavour Mixing and CP Violation (ed. J. T. T. Van) Editions Frontieres (1985).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lincoln Wolfenstein
    • 1
  1. 1.Physics DepartmentCarnegie - Mellon UniversityPittsburghUSA

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