Is the Photon Concept Really Necessary?

  • Maurice Surdin
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSB, volume 162)


A definition of a normalized fundamental impulse, a wave packet of e.m. radiation of positive energy and momentum is given. A complementary impulse of negative energy and momentum is also defined. These wave packets may be depicted as a wave above the “sea level” of the Zero Point Field (of Stochastic Electrodynamics) and a complementary wave, or hole, beneath the “sea level”, they propagate as a combined pair.

Using these notions several optical experiments are interpreted without the intervention of the photon concept.


Wave Packet Negative Energy Fourier Component Plane Parallel Plate Stochastic Electrodynamic 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maurice Surdin
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre des Faibles RadioactivitésLaboratoire Mixte CNRS/CEAGif-sur-YvetteFrance

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