Quantum Uncertainties pp 203-221 | Cite as

# Stochastic Optics: Wave-Particle Duality without Particles

## Abstract

There is an irony about the article of Einstein, Podolsky and Rosen1. It contains the most fundamental criticism ever made of quantum *particle* mechanics: that it is non local. It says nothing about quantum *field* theory, yet almost all the experimental attempts to demonstrate quantum non locality cure based on pairs of electromagnetic signals^{2–6}. In the widely accepted “analysis” of these experiments the signals are treated as equivalent to the particles of the E.P.R. article. For the best known of the E.P.R. authors this would have been a natural enough assumption. He, after all, invented the “light quantum”, later to become the “photon”, and apparently never doubted the validity of that concept. But we have learned that semiclassical radiation theories of various kinds can explain not only the photoelectric effect^{7}, for which Einstein invented the quantum theory, but also such diverse phenomena as the Lamb shift^{8}, the casimir effect^{9} and super-Poisson distributions of photoelectrons (“photon bunching”)^{10}. We do not have to assume that quantum electrodynamics has the last word on the nature of light. We do not have to assume that the “photon” is an E.P.R. particle.

## Keywords

Beam Splitter Bell Inequality Local Realist Coincidence Rate Local Realist Model## Preview

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## References

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