Advertisement

Genetic Transformation to Confer Resistance to Plant Virus Disease

  • Roger N. Beachy
  • S. G. Rogers
  • R. T. Fraley
Part of the Genetic Engineering book series (GEPM)

Abstract

Cross-protection was first described more than fifty years ago in a paper by H. H. McKinney (1) reporting mosaic diseases in plants on the Canary Islands. In this paper he reported that when a tobacco plant was infected with a strain of TMV (tobacco mosaic virus) which caused mild symptons, the plant was unlikely to develop severe disease symptoms when superinfected or challenged with a highly virulent strain of TMV. After that first report, others used the approach to commercial advantage. By the early 1970’s it became widely accepted that tomato plants could be protected against severe strains of TMV and tomato mosaic virus (ToMV) if they were first infected with a mild strain of virus which would not cause symptoms (2). The approach has since been extended to use in citrus against citrus tristeza virus (3) and in papaya against papaya ringspot virus (4). The success of this approach has depended upon the identification and isolation of a virus strain which is avirulent, or attenuated, relative to the indigenous strain which causes the disease problem in the field. Many of the mild virus strains used are generated by nitrous acid mutation of the virulent strain. Alternately, a variant may be identified from the endemic virus population.

Keywords

Transgenic Plant Coat Protein Capsid Protein Cucumber Mosaic Virus Transgenic Tobacco Plant 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    McKinney, H.H. (1929) J. Agric. Res. 39, 557–578.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Rast, A.T.B. (1972) Neth. J. Plant Pathol. 78, 110–112.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Costa, A.S. and Muller, G.W. (1980) Plant Disease 64, 538–541.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Yeh, S.-D. and Gonsalves, D. (1984) Phytopathology 74, 1086–1091.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hamilton, R.I. (1980) in Plant Disease: An Advanced Treatise, Horsfall, J.G. and Cowling, E.B., Vol. 5, pp. 279–303, Academic Press, New York, NY.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Palukaitis, P. and Zaitlin, M. (1985) in Plant-Microbe Interactions: Molecular and Genetic Perspectives (Kosuge, T. and Nester, E.W., eds.) pp. 240–242, Macmillan, New York, NY.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Zinnen, T.W. and Fulton, R.W. (1986) J. Gen. Virol. 67, 1679–1687.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Atabekov, J.G., Novikov, U.K., Vishnichenki, V.K. and Javakhia, V.K. (1970) Virology 41, 108–115.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Sherwood, J.L. and Fulton, R.W. (1982) Virology 119, 150–158.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    deZoeten, G.A. and Fulton, R.W. (1975) Phytopathology 65, 221–222.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Wilson, T.M.A. and Watkins, P.A.C. (1986) Virology 149, 132–135.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Niblett, C.L., Kickson, F., Fernow, K.H., Horst, R.K. andGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Zaitlin, M. (1976) Phytopathology 66, 382–383.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Sarkar, S. and Smitamana, P. (1981) Mol. Gen. Genet. 184, 158–159.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Hirth, L. and Richards, K.E. (1981) in Advances in Virus Research, (Lauffer, M.A., Bang, F.B., Maramorosch, K. and Smith, K.M., eds.) Vol. 26, pp. 145–195, Academic Press, New York, NY.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Goelet, P., Lomonosoff, G.P., Butler, J.P.G., Akam, M.E., Gait, M.J. and Karn, J. (1982) Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 79, 5818–5822.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Powell Abel, P., Nelson, R.S., De, B., Hoffmann, N., Rogers, S.G., Fraley, R.T., and Beachy R.N. (1986) Science 232, 738–743.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Nelson, R.S., Powell Abel, P. and Beachy, R.N. (1987) Virology (in press).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Beachy, R.N., Stark, D.M., Deom, C.M., Oliver, M.J. and Fraley, R.T. in Tailoring Genes for Crop Improvement; an Agricultural Perspective (Bruening, G.E., Kosuge, T. and Hollaender, A., Eds.) Plenum Publ. Corp. (in press).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Jaspars, E.M.J. (1985) in Molecular Plant Virology (J.W. Davies, ed.) Vol. 1, pp. 155–121, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton,FL.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Rogers, S.G., Horsch, R.V.S. and Fraley, R.T. (1986) Methods Enzymol. 118, 627–640.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Fraley, R.T., Rogers, S.G., and Horsch, R.B. (1986) CRC Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences 4, 1–46.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Dougherty, W.G., and Hiebert, E. (1985) in Molecular Plant Virology (J.W. Davies, ed.) Vol II pp. 23–82, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Rinehart, K.L. (1982) Science 218, 254–260.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Maniatis, T., Fritsch, E.F. and Sambrook, J. (1982) Molecular Cloning, A Laboratory Manual. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor, NY.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Gubler, U. and Hoffman, F.J. (1983) Gene 25, 263–269.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Haymerle, H., Herz, J., Bressan, G.M., Frank, R. and Stanley, K.K. (1986) Nucl. Acids Res. 14, 8615–8624.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Silhavy, T.J. and Beckwith, J.R. (1985) Microbiol. Rev. 49, 398–418.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Dao, M.L. (1985) Journal of Immunological Methods 82, 225–231.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Kozak, M. (1981) Nucl. Acids Res. 9, 5233–5252.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Melton, D.A., Krieg, P.A., Rebagliati, M.R., Maniatis, J., Zinn, K. and Green, M.R. (1984) Nucl. Acids Res. 12, 7035–7056.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Floyd, A.M., Barnason, A.R., Rogers, S.G., Byrne, M.C., Fraley, R.T. and Horsch, R.B. (1986) Science 234, 464–467.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Bevan, M. and Chilton, M.-D. (1982) Annu. Rev. Genet. 16, 357–384.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Schell, J. and Van Montagu, M. (1983) Biotechnology 1, 175–180.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Potrykus, I., Paszkowski, S.M.W., Petruska, J. and Shillito, R.D. (1985) Mol. Gen. Genet. 199, 169–177.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Zachrisson, A. and Borman, C.H. (1986) Physiol. Plant 67, 507–516.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Bevan, M.W., Mason, S.E. and Goelet, P. (1985) EMB0 J. 4, 1921–1926.Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Turner, N.E., Clark, W.G., Tabor, G.J., Horonaka, C.M., Fraley, R.T. and Shah, D.M. (1986) Nucl. Acids Res. 14, 3325–3342.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Matthews, R.E.F. (1981) Plant Virology, 2nd Edition. Academic Press, New York, NY.Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Kado, C.I. and Agrawal, H.O. (1972) Principles and Techniques in Plant Virology. Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., New York, NY.Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    deZoeten, G.A. and Gaard, G. (1984) Virus Research 1, 713–725.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Gaard, G. and deZoetin, G.A. (1979) Virology 96, 21–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Shaw, J. (1985) in Molecular Plant Virology (J.W. Davies, ed.) Vol. II pp. 1–22, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL.Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Lomonosoff, G.P. and Wilson, T.M.A. (1985) in Molecular Plant Virology, (J.W. Davies, ed.) Vol. 1, pp. 43–84, CRC Press, Inc. Boca Raton, FL.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roger N. Beachy
    • 1
  • S. G. Rogers
    • 2
  • R. T. Fraley
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of BiologyWashington UniversitySt. LouisUSA
  2. 2.Plant Molecular Biology GroupThe Monsanto CompanySt. LouisUSA

Personalised recommendations