Self-Regulation and Type A Behavior

  • Nanette M. Frautschi
  • Margaret A. Chesney
Part of the The Plenum Series in Behavioral Psychophysiology book series (SSBP)


The Type A behavior pattern as a syndrome was identified by Rosenman and his associates (Rosenman et al., 1964) to be characteristic of patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). This syndrome is manifested by competitiveness, a hard-driving orientation toward achievement, easily aroused anger, loud, rapid, accentuated speech patterns, a heightened pace of living, and impatience with slowness and delays. These behaviors were viewed by Friedman and Rosenman (1974) as reflecting a “chronic, incessant struggle” on the part of these individuals “to achieve more and more in less and less time, and if required to do so against the opposing efforts of other things or other people” (p. 67). However, the Type A pattern was not considered a personality trait but rather a set of observable behaviors elicited in susceptible individuals by a challenging situation. Individuals who respond to challenge with the fully developed Type A pattern are classified as Type A1; those who do not respond to similar challenges with Type A behavior are classified as B4. Those who show less consistent or incomplete Type A or B behavior patterns are classified as A2 and B3, respectively.


Coronary Heart Disease Selective Attention Behavior Pattern Behavioral Medicine Cardiovascular Reactivity 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nanette M. Frautschi
    • 1
  • Margaret A. Chesney
    • 2
  1. 1.Outpatient Behavioral MedicineSouthern California Permanente Medical GroupLos AngelesUSA
  2. 2.Department of Behavioral MedicineStanford Research InstituteMenlo ParkUSA

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