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Considerations in the Treatment of Insomnia

  • P. H. Van Oot
  • T. D. Borkovec
Part of the The Plenum Series in Behavioral Psychophysiology book series (SSBP)

Abstract

Insomnia is a condition that affects nearly everyone at some time, but about one third of the population suffers from the problem chronically (Bixler, Kales, Soldatos, & Healey, 1979; Kales & Kales, 1984). It is the most common sleep-related complaint and is associated with a wide variety of psychiatric and physical disorders (Bixler et al., 1979; Bixler, Kales, & Soldatos, 1979; Kales & Kales, 1984). The alleviation of insomnia is a major concern for public health practitioners, but the available treatments, as they are usually prescribed and implemented, are unreliable and often ineffective. To treat the complaint of insomnia effectively, practitioners must be aware of the variety of causes and manifestations of this complaint and its psychosocial effects. Too often a unidimensional prescriptive approach is taken without adequate consideration of the causes or effects of the problem itself. This approach is marginally effective at best and can lead to more serious or counterproductive results exacerbating the original problem unnecessarily.

Keywords

Sleep Disorder Central Apnea Sleep Complaint Obstructive Apnea Advanced Sleep Phase Syndrome 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. H. Van Oot
    • 1
  • T. D. Borkovec
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyPennsylvania State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA

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