Biobehavioral Approaches to Smoking Control

  • J. Allan Best
  • Patricia E. Wainwright
  • David E. Mills
  • Susan A. Kirkland
Part of the The Plenum Series in Behavioral Psychophysiology book series (SSBP)

Abstract

Researchers involved in smoking control face the perplexing question of why, given a reasonable understanding of the adverse effects of smoking, people still start and continue to smoke. Furthermore, although the majority of smokers express a desire to quit, those that attempt to do so are generally unsuccessful (Pechacek, 1979). Numerous programs have been developed that aim not only to aid smokers in their attempts to break the habit but also to prevent the onset of smoking in individuals who represent a population at risk. Unfortunately, these efforts—both smoking prevention and smoking cessation—have been notoriously ineffective (Bernstein & McAlister, 1976; Best & Bloch, 1979; Evans, Henderson, Hill, & Raines, 1979; Flay, d’Avernas, Best, Kersell, & Ryan, 1983; Leventhal & Cleary, 1980; Lichtenstein & Danaher, 1976; Pechacek, 1979; Thompson, 1978). At best, recent interventions such as social-influences prevention programs and nicotine-replacement-therapy cessation strategies appear promising but have not been fully evaluated.

Keywords

Placebo Fatigue Depression Cortisol Morphine 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Allan Best
    • 1
  • Patricia E. Wainwright
    • 1
  • David E. Mills
    • 1
  • Susan A. Kirkland
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Health StudiesUniversity of WaterlooWaterlooCanada

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