Toxicity of Heavy Metals

  • Ei-Ichiro Ochiai
Part of the Biochemistry of the Elements book series (BOTE, volume 7)


The term “heavy metal” is rather vague. For our purpose we take it to encompass cadmium, lead, mercury, and copper, but we will also include zinc and silver. Of these elements, copper and zinc are essential to life, but they can have deleterious effects when present in excess. A comprehensive review on toxicity of these and other elements has been published (Friberg et al., 1979), and the toxic effects of metals on reproductive and developmental processes have recently been reviewed (Clarkson et al., 1983).


Heavy Metal Enrichment Factor Inclusion Body Renal Tubular Cell Mercury Compound 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ei-Ichiro Ochiai
    • 1
  1. 1.Juniata CollegeHuntingdonUSA

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