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Selective Messenger RNA Translation in Marine Invertebrate Oocytes, Eggs, and Zygotes

  • Eric Rosenthal
  • Fred Wilt

Abstract

The fertilized animal egg faces a unique biological problem. With but a single diploid nucleus, and an enormous mass of stored yolk and cytoplasmic components, it must undergo a series of rapid cell divisions and morphogenetic movements following fertilization. The small number of nuclei in early embryos and the rapidity of mitosis (often G1 and G2 are completely lacking) mean that new transcription may be inadequate to provide the messenger RNA (mRNA) necessary to encode the protein synthesis required for these events. Cells commonly solve this problem in one of two ways: (1) by amplifying the number of genes so that there is more template to transcribe or (2) by making the gene products (either mRNA or protein) ahead of time, during oogenesis, and storing them for subsequent utilization after fertilization. Both of these tactics are used in different combinations in different organisms, and many examples have been reviewed in detail by others. The review by Woodland1 contains a thorough discussion of this point.

Keywords

Protein Synthesis Marine Invertebrate Germinal Vesicle Translation System Translational Machinery 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eric Rosenthal
    • 1
  • Fred Wilt
    • 2
  1. 1.Kewalo Marine LabHonoluluUSA
  2. 2.Department of ZoologyUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA

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