Translational Control of Transcription Termination in Prokaryotes

  • G. Wesley Hatfield
  • Janice A. Sharp

Abstract

At this time, the most widely recognized form of translational control of gene expression in prokaryotes is attenuation. Attenuation can be broadly defined as the translational control of transcription termination at a site (the attenuator) preceding the first structural gene of an operon. Attenuation was originally discovered in 1974 by Yanofsky and co-workers as a regulatory mechanism involved in the control of the tryptophan operon.1–3 Since that time, attenuation has been demonstrated in the regulation of the biosynthesis of several other amino acids, including isoleucine and valine, the ilvGMEDA and ilvBN operons4–7; threonine, the thrABC operon8; leucine, the leuABCD operon9; histidine, the hisGDCBHAFIE operon10,11; and phenylalanine, the pheA operon.12

Keywords

Translational Control Transcription Termination Leader Region Threonine Deaminase Pause Site 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Wesley Hatfield
    • 1
  • Janice A. Sharp
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Microbiology and Molecular GeneticsUniversity of CaliforniaIrvineUSA
  2. 2.American Biogenetics CorporationIrvineUSA

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