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Role of Eukaryotic Messenger RNA Cap-Binding Protein in Regulation of Translation

  • Isaac Edery
  • Jerry Pelletier
  • Nahum Sonenberg

Abstract

Eukaryotic cellular messenger RNAs (mRNAs) (except for organelle mRNAs) are capped at their 5′ end with the structure m7G(5′)ppp(5′)N (in which N indicates any nucleotide). Many studies have provided evidence that the cap structure is multifunctional and may play a key regulatory role in controlling gene expression. The best-characterized function of the cap structure is its facilitative effect on 40 S ribosomal subunit binding to mRNA during translation initiation (for reviews, see Shatkin,1,4 Filipowicz,2 and Banerjee3). However, recent in vitro studies have demonstrated that nuclear events such as mRNA splicing5,6 and 3′-end processing7,8 are more efficient when the transcripts possess a 5′ cap structure. In addition, capped mRNAs are stabilized against 5′ exonucleolytic degradation.9

Keywords

Semliki Forest Virus Cellular mRNAs mRNA Secondary Structure Globin mRNA Discriminatory Activity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Isaac Edery
    • 1
  • Jerry Pelletier
    • 1
  • Nahum Sonenberg
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of BiochemistryMcGill UniversityMontrealCanada
  2. 2.Department of Biochemistry and McGill Cancer CenterMcGill UniversityMontrealCanada

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