Body Image in the 21st Century

  • Susan S. Lichtendorf


As we race toward the 21st century, that quote (Dullea, 1986) from Judith Krantz, a women’s magazine writer and novelist whose spectacular success demonstrates a keen perception of what sells, and those opening lines from an advertisement (New York Magazine,May 1986) hawking the services of a cosmetic surgeon, merit serious attention from those concerned with triggers of the unconscious and the physical and emotional health of women.


Body Image Anorexia Nervosa Plastic Surgeon Cosmetic Surgery Body Image Disturbance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Advertising in post-martini age on Madison Avenue (1986). New York Times, p. B3, May 20.Google Scholar
  2. The Boston Women’s Health Collective (1971). Our bodies, ourselves. New York: Simon and Schuster.Google Scholar
  3. Dullea, G. (1986). At a party for Judith Krantz, life imitates art. New York Times, p. A24, May 2Google Scholar
  4. Burk, J., Zelen, S. L., and Terino, E. O. (1985). More than skin deep: A self-consistency ap-proach to the psychology of cosmetic surgery. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, 76 (2), 270–276.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Converse, J. M. (1977). In Reconstructive plastic surgery, 2nd Ed., Vol. 2 (p. 1041 ). Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders.Google Scholar
  6. Edgarton, M. T. (1985). Discussion of J. Burk, S. L. Zelen, and E. O. Terino, More than skin deep: A self-consistency approach to the psychology of cosmetic surgery. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, 76 (2), 276–277.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Freedman, R. J. (1984). Reflection on beauty as it relates to health in adolescent females. Women and Health, 9, 29–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Geist, W. (1985). About New York: New hips for the holidays. New York Times, Dec. 11, B3.Google Scholar
  9. Henker, F. O. (1979). Symptom substitution after obesity therapy. Psychosomatics, 29, 10.Google Scholar
  10. How Do You See Yourself? (1986). New York Magazine advertisement, May.Google Scholar
  11. Korda, M. (1985). Queenie (p. 548 ). New York: Warner.Google Scholar
  12. Kristof, N. D. (1986). A video preview of plastic surgery. New York Times, A24, Jan. 27. Lichtendorf, S. S. (1979–86). Comments and quotes from interviews with cosmetic surgery patients and plastic surgeons.Google Scholar
  13. Lichtendorf, S. S., and Gillis, P. L. (1981). The new pregnancy: The active woman’s guide to work, legal rights, health care, travel, sports, dress, sex and emotional well being. New York:Google Scholar
  14. Bantam. Morris, B. (1985). Stella Blum, 68, former curator of costumes. New York Times, A16, Aug. 1.Google Scholar
  15. Morrisroe, P. (1986). Forever young. New York Magazine,19(23), 44–49, June 9. New Bodies for Sale. (1985) Newsweek,pp. 64–72, May.Google Scholar
  16. Sabin, F. (1984). A teen’s guide to cosmetic surgery. Seventeen, 43, 253–254, March.Google Scholar
  17. Singer, A. (1985). The makeup mystique. New York Times Magazine, CXXXV (46736), 72, April 6.Google Scholar
  18. The New You Is Waiting (1986). New York Post advertisement. van der Velde, C. D. Body images of one’s self and of others: Developmental and clinical significance. American Journal of Psychiatry, 142 (5), 527–537.Google Scholar
  19. Viney, L. L. (1984–1985). Loss of life and loss of bodily integrity: Two different sources of threat for people who are ill. Omega Journal of Death and Dying,15(3), 207–222.Google Scholar
  20. Weinberg, J. S. (1978). Body image disturbance as a factor in the crisis situation of pregnancy. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Nursing, pp. 18–20.Google Scholar
  21. Zuckerberg, J. (1980). Psychological and physical warning signals regarding pregnancy, adaptation and early psychotherapeutic intervention. In B. Blum (Ed.), Psychological aspects of pregnancy, birthing and bonding (pp. 151–173 ). New York: Human Sciences Press, 1980.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Susan S. Lichtendorf

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations