Screening for Early Disease Interpretation of Diagnostic Tests

  • John T. Philbrick
  • Daniel M. Becker


Diagnostic tests play an important role in the clinical strategies of preventive medicine. Some aspects of disease prevention are applicable to all and can be recommended unselectively. Examples include wearing seat belts and avoiding excessive use of alcohol. Other aspects of prevention require the selection of certain higher-risk groups in whom intervention would be beneficial. This selection is often done clinically, as with the use of pneumococcal and influenza vaccines in the elderly or in patients with pulmonary disease. However, many areas of preventive medicine rely on diagnostic tests in the implementation of a clinical strategy. Diagnostic tests are used in prevention in three ways.


Predictive Accuracy Coronary Disease Positive Prediction Negative Prediction False Positive Test 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • John T. Philbrick
    • 1
  • Daniel M. Becker
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Internal MedicineUniversity of Virginia School of MedicineCharlottesvilleUSA

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